More information: A Molecular Spiral Arm in the Far Outer Galaxy, T. M. Dame, P. Thaddeus, Astrophysical Journal Letters, in press.Available on ArXiv at arXiv:1105.2523v1 [astro-ph.GA]AbstractWe have identified a spiral arm lying beyond the Outer Arm in the first Galactic quadrant ~15 kpc from the Galactic center. After tracing the arm in existing 21 cm surveys, we searched for molecular gas using the CfA 1.2 meter telescope and detected CO at 10 of 220 positions. The detections are distributed along the arm from l = 13 deg, v = -21 km/s to l = 55 deg, v = -84 km/s and coincide with most of the main H I concentrations. One of the detections was fully mapped to reveal a large molecular cloud with a radius of 47 pc and a molecular mass of ~50,000 Mo. At a mean distance of 21 kpc, the molecular gas in this arm is the most distant yet detected in the Milky Way. The new arm appears to be the continuation of the Scutum-Centaurus Arm in the outer Galaxy, as a symmetric counterpart of the nearby Perseus Arm. © 2010 PhysOrg.com Barred Spiral Milky Way. Illustration Credit: R. Hurt (SSC), JPL-Caltech, NASA This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Astrophysicists map the Milky Way’s 4 spiral arms Citation: New arm discovered in outer edge of the Milky Way Galaxy (2011, May 23) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-05-arm-outer-edge-milky-galaxy.html (PhysOrg.com) — In a surprising twist, if you will, Thomas Dame and Patrick Thaddeus, both of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, have put forth in a paper to be published in an upcoming issue of Astrophysical Journal Letters, the notion that a cluster of gas clouds they’ve discovered, that lies far from what is currently believed to be the center of the Milky Way Galaxy, is likely the extension of one of the great arms that form our galaxy. The researchers made their discovery by thinking outside of the box, so to speak; most research on our galaxy starts with the assumption that the spiral that swirls out from the center, amounts to what most see as an almost a two dimensional plane. Dame and Thaddeus, looked beyond that plane, though not by much, and came upon a mass of giant molecular gas clouds that they believe is an extension of what is known as the Scutum-Centaurus arm; and thus have dubbed the new cluster the Outer Scutum-Centaurus arm.Ever since Stephen Alexander first came up with the idea that our galaxy existed in the shape of a spiral way back in 1852, stargazers have been studying the vast gas clusters that fill the night sky around us, and since that time, have thus far concluded that there are six “arms” that make up the Milky Way galaxy, with a central core chock full of stars. The new arm extension would fill in a bit of a gap on one side that would make the entire spiral look more even around the edges.Further research will have to be conducted, of course, before a true consensus is reached, but if what these two researchers have found is accepted by the astrophysics community, it will mean that our galaxy is actually two mirror images of itself, and that it’s a bit warped as well, seeing as how it’s not as flat as once thought; an interesting parallel, for those that recall how in the early days of science, the world as we knew it was thought to be flat as well, and we all know how that turned out. Thus, it does seem conceivable, what with our inability to see a lot of the Milky Way galaxy due to trying to look at it from an embedded position, that one day we’ll find the whole thing is actually not what we think it is at all, but something much more complex. Explore further
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2011 PhysOrg.com Details, however, were not available at the time of this writing on how the soldiers and advanced surrogate robots will interact. As the report says, the Avatar program “will develop interfaces and algorithms to enable a soldier to effectively partner with a semi-autonomous bi-pedal machine and allow it to act as the soldier’s surrogate.” DARPA has described the project with phrases noting “key advancements in telepresence and remote operation of a ground system.”The words telepresence and remote operation promptly triggered numerous conjectures in blog posts that the advanced robots may get to interact with soldiers at a distance. As expressed in ExtremeTech, a battle scenario using an Avatar robot would amount to a “bipedal robot drone where the controlling soldier is hundreds or thousands of miles away from war front.”The Daily Mail would find it no surprise if these are robots operating under mind control. “The agency has reportedly already funded successful attempts to control robots with thought. The initiative seems like the next logical step in the U.S. military’s robotics and remote warfare research.” DARPA says its origins go back to 1958, the agency mission being ”to prevent strategic surprise from negatively impacting U.S. national security and create strategic surprise for U.S. adversaries by maintaining the technological superiority of the U.S. military.” DARPA’s research in robotics, however, in a global perspective, is among research efforts by other nations toward discovering what is possible in robotics for battle. Other nations also seek ways to place less human risk on their troops through robotics. Israel’s Giora Katz, vice president of Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, has said that “We are moving into the robotic era.” Reports say over 40 countries have military-robotics programs.Those who fear technology’s limitations rather than strengths, though, see a grim side to an initiative such as Avatar. Reacting to the DARPA news, a comment on Slashdot said, “Power and bandwidth constraints aside, what could go wrong? Chinese hackers swooping in and commandeering one’s army? Gives new meaning to the question ‘Where’s Waldo?’” Explore further (PhysOrg.com) — The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) announced this week that it will be setting aside $7 million out of its $2 billion budget to work on a next-step robotics program called Avatar. Beyond battlefield robots built like big dogs, and beyond a headless robot called Petman, the Avatar result will be a “semi-autonomous bi-pedal machine” that can smartly and effectively behave as a soldier surrogate. DARPA’s Avatar robots will be able to perform human-like military operations such as room clearing, sentry control and recovering combat casualties, tasks that may help minimize injuries and deaths. Darpa’s Legged Squad Support System (LS3) to lighten troops’ load Citation: DARPA sets aside $7 million for ‘Avatar’ robot pals in battle (2012, February 18) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-02-darpa-million-avatar-robot-pals.html
More information: The genomics of selection in dogs and the parallel evolution between dogs and humans, Nature Communications 4, Article number: 1860 doi:10.1038/ncomms2814AbstractThe genetic bases of demographic changes and artificial selection underlying domestication are of great interest in evolutionary biology. Here we perform whole-genome sequencing of multiple grey wolves, Chinese indigenous dogs and dogs of diverse breeds. Demographic analysis show that the split between wolves and Chinese indigenous dogs occurred 32,000 years ago and that the subsequent bottlenecks were mild. Therefore, dogs may have been under human selection over a much longer time than previously concluded, based on molecular data, perhaps by initially scavenging with humans. Population genetic analysis identifies a list of genes under positive selection during domestication, which overlaps extensively with the corresponding list of positively selected genes in humans. Parallel evolution is most apparent in genes for digestion and metabolism, neurological process and cancer. Our study, for the first time, draws together humans and dogs in their recent genomic evolution. Siberian fossil revealed to be one of the oldest known domestic dogs © 2013 Phys.org Scientists have long studied the close relationship between humans and dogs, and various theories have been proposed to explain just how far back in time the relationship goes. Most agree that dogs and humans have coexisted for at least 16,000 years. In this new effort, the research team suggests it might be twice that long.To better understand when dogs first became domesticated, researchers look to when they diverged from wolves—experts estimate it occurred sometime between 16,000 and 32,000 years ago. To come up with a more accurate estimate, the researchers took DNA samples from indigenous Chinese street dogs, several modern breeds and four grey wolves.An analysis of the samples indicated that the grey wolves split from the Chinese dogs approximately 32,000 years ago. But then the researchers went further—they also looked at the genes responsible for such things as digestion and metabolism and even neurological processes. They then compared the dog genes to the same types of genes in humans. In so doing, they found some similarities that suggest humans and dogs have evolved some of the same traits over the same time period—hinting at a possible communal relationship. And that, the researchers say, suggests that dogs might have been domesticated as far back as 32,000 years ago.The researchers note that scientists have long held the notion that domestication of dogs and other animals has been associated with people and animals living in close quarters in relatively tight communities. Such conditions, they contend would almost certainly have a similar impact on people as well as the animals living in the same environment. They note that dogs, for example, in addition to exhibiting similar genes, also suffer from many of the same kinds of diseases, e.g. breast cancer, obesity, epilepsy and even obsessive-compulsive disorder.The evidence found by the researchers offers only circumstantial evidence of course, which means more research will have to be done before the time of dog domestication can be officially pushed back. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (Phys.org) —An international team of researchers has found genetic evidence that suggests dogs may have been domesticated as far back as 32,000 years ago. In their paper published in Nature Communications outlining their study and results, the team theorizes that dogs indigenous to China might represent the missing link in the domestication of dogs. Journal information: Nature Communications Explore further Citation: Study shows dogs may have been domesticated far earlier than thought (2013, May 15) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-05-dogs-domesticated-earlier-thought.html
When most people think of forests in the tropics it is generally the rainy kind that come to mind—the might Amazon, for example, is known to people both in and outside of the scientific community. But, mostly ignored or forgotten, the researchers contend, are dry forests that exist in some of the same areas—dry forests that are disappearing at an alarming rate.The researchers note that neotropical dry forests harbor plant species that exist nowhere else on Earth—recent work by members of the team has found large variations in plant species between dry forests which suggests each has a unique intrinsic value. They also conducted an analysis with a database the holds information on 4,660 species of woody plants in the dry forests and identified 12 major plant communities within the region. And alarmingly, they point out that only 10 percent of the forests present prior to humans arriving on the scene still remain today.Humans going back to the Incas have been razing dry forests to gain access to the lush soil that offers prime agricultural opportunities. The researches point out that remaining forests exist in small pockets in many locations in North, South and Middle America and also on many Caribbean Islands. But their presence continues to shrink as very little of the land is protected. The researchers note that unlike the rain forests, very few people are aware of the damage that is being wrought and the loss that will occur if something is not done to prevent the disappearance of such forests altogether.The team is hoping their paper will raise awareness of the plight of the dry forest in the Americas in the scientific community perhaps nudging more researchers to get involved in studying the forests and ways to protect them. They have also commissioned a short animated film that can be shown to non-scientists across the region to heighten awareness of the problem and to garner support for more conservation efforts. (Phys.org)—A very large team of researchers from South America, Europe and the U.S. has published a paper in the journal Science highlighting plant diversity in neotropical dry forests in the Americas and arguing for more protection of such natural areas. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2016 Phys.org Journal information: Science Logged rainforests can be an ‘ark’ for mammals, extensive study shows Explore further More information: K. Banda-R et al. Plant diversity patterns in neotropical dry forests and their conservation implications, Science (2016). DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf5080AbstractSeasonally dry tropical forests are distributed across Latin America and the Caribbean and are highly threatened, with less than 10% of their original extent remaining in many countries. Using 835 inventories covering 4660 species of woody plants, we show marked floristic turnover among inventories and regions, which may be higher than in other neotropical biomes, such as savanna. Such high floristic turnover indicates that numerous conservation areas across many countries will be needed to protect the full diversity of tropical dry forests. Our results provide a scientific framework within which national decision-makers can contextualize the floristic significance of their dry forest at a regional and continental scale. Citation: Paper highlights the dismal state of dry forests in tropical regions in the Americas (2016, September 23) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-09-paper-highlights-dismal-state-forests.html Tropical forest in Martinique near the city of Fond St-Denis. Credit: Wikipedia
Researchers have demonstrated that tiny micrometer-sized crystals—just barely visible to the human eye—can “walk” inchworm-style across the slide of a microscope. Other crystals are capable of different modes of locomotion such as rolling, flipping, bending, twisting, and jumping. In the future, these moving crystals may open the doors to the development of crystal-based robots. Play Credit: Taniguchi et al. Crystals with other dimensions exhibit bending and flipping under temperature changes. In experiments, repeated heating and cooling cycles caused these crystals to quickly roll across a surface, attaining speeds of 16 mm/second. This was approximately 20,000 times faster than the walking crystals, which crawled along at just 3 mm/hour.As the researchers explain, the asymmetrical shapes of the crystals is the driving force of both types of locomotion. In particular, the walking crystals have a thickness gradient while the rolling crystals have a width gradient. Both varieties of crystal experience a phase transition at a critical temperature, and due to the asymmetry, this results in a shape change that is more pronounced at one end of the crystal than at the other. Journal information: Nature Communications PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen Along with previous research that has demonstrated crystal motion in other types of crystals, the new results suggest that crystals appear to be promising candidates for robotics. In general, materials that respond to external stimuli, such as temperature changes, have potential applications as sensors, switches, and in a wide variety of other areas. The researchers, led by Hideko Koshima at Waseda University in Tokyo, Japan, have published a paper on walking and rolling crystals in a recent issue of Nature Communications.”We believe that this finding opens the doors to a new field of crystal robotics,” Koshima told Phys.org. “Currently, robots made from metals are rigid and heavy, making them unsuitable for daily interaction with humans. Our goal is to make symbiotic soft robots using mechanical crystals.”In their work, the researchers investigated asymmetric crystals derived from chiral azobenzene. In experiments, they showed that exposing the crystals to alternating hot and cold temperatures (changing between 120° and 160° C over the course of approximately 2 minutes) causes changes in the crystals’ shapes.Depending on their dimensions, some of the crystals repeatedly bend and straighten. Over repeated heating and cooling cycles, these shape changes translate into the mechanical motion of inchworm-like walking. Citation: Walking crystals may lead to new field of crystal robotics (2018, February 23) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-02-crystals-field-crystal-robotics.html Image and illustration of crystals that roll under alternating temperatures. Credit: Taniguchi et al. More information: Takuya Taniguchi et al. “Walking and rolling of crystals induced thermally by phase transition.” Nature Communications. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-02549-2 Images of crystals that “walk” like an inchworm by bending and straightening under alternating temperatures. Credit: Taniguchi et al. © 2018 Phys.org Explore further Robotic crystals that walk n’ roll This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Traversing the length and breadth of India since 2011, Max Chandra is spreading awareness on the issues that are crippling the country. Chandra, who walks about 40 km a day, on an average, came to the capital as a part of his northern sojourn on 20 July.A British citizen of part-Indian origin, he is a man with a mission–a mission to go across the country and sensitize Indians in order to make a change, futuristically. He braved rain and sun, jungles, mountains, deserts and plains to raise funds and create awareness for the people in India. Chandra has taken roughly over 5,798,080 steps, covered a distance of over 4,415 km, and crossed ten states on his epic walk so far. He is extending support to causes that are close to his heart, through his charity foundation, One Step at a Time, just by Walking for a Cause! His story is one of heroism and grit that inspires passion for a social change.
‘When I entered the ground the only thought came in my mind was that we have to win this and we can win this. I had the intuition that it will be our day and we will create history,’ Sreejesh told PTI Bhasha from Incheon, South Korea.A spirited India edged past defending champions Pakistan 4-2 in a nerve-wracking shoot-out to regain the Asiad men’s hockey gold after a gap of 16 years and also sealed a direct entry into the 2016 Rio Olympic Games.Hero of the match Sreejesh, who excelled in regulation time and shoot out as well, said that handling pressure is always key.‘There was pressure as it was a match against Pakistan but I took it as any other normal match. Everyone including me did not let emotions dominate us and we played with passion. That was our key to success,’ he said.It was not an easy task to cope up with additional pressure while playing the final against a side which had also beaten them in the league phase, but Sreejesh opined that the first loss was an eye opener.‘The loss against Pakistan in pool phase was an eye opener . After that we worked harder and were more focused that resulted in semifinal win against strong team like Korea,’ he said.Asked about the heart-breaking 1-7 Asiad final loss against Pakistan in 1982, Sreejesh said that the present win will wipe out all the bad memories.‘Ofcourse, people like to remember good things, good memories. I am sure that they will now remember this win and forget past losses. It is the beginning of a new era,’ he said.Sreejesh also admitted that the expectations will be higher now and said that the team is ready to deliver.‘We know that people will expect us to win more. They want us to do well in Rio Olympic and we are ready to deliver. We have defeated Pakistan, won Asiad gold and qualified for Olympics so this is a 3-in-1 victory for us. We have enough time to prepare for Olympic and won’t let our countrymen down,’ he said.When asked about how they celebrated the win, he said that actual celebration will happen in India.‘We went out for dinner on Thursday but actual celebration will happen in India . May be in our next camp,’ he said.
KOLKATA: The draft Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ), 2018, released by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) will have an adverse impact on the fisherfolk community in the state, feel the environmentalists. According to the environment experts, the draft has potential to change the way coastal stretches in India are governed. It also advocates the further opening of the coastal natural resources to corporate and business houses as it proposed to develop tourism in the ecologically sensitive areas. India’s coastline runs over a stretch of 7,500 km. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsVarious organisations of fishermen in the state have already opposed the move by the Centre. The National Fish Workers’ Forum and Dakshinbanga Matsyajibi Forum have decided to write a letter to the Ministry of Environment and Forests urging them not to implement the draft as it would affect the small scale fishermen. The organisations also claimed that the draft has opened up fragile inter-tidal areas to real estate agents and it will also favour large-scale industry at the cost of fishing communities. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedA major change in the new draft pertains to the CRZ limits on land along “tidal influenced water bodies”. The proposed limit has been reduced from 100 m to 50 m or the width of the creek, whichever is less.The Dakshinbanga Matsyajibi Forum (DMF) organised a two-day seminar in the state on 6 and 7 May in collaboration with DISHA, which was attended by fishing community representatives from Bengal and Andhra Pradesh along with social activists and representatives from organisations like Dakshin Foundation, LIFE and PSA. The workshop considered the history of preparation, publication, contents and implementation of successive CRZs like CRZ 1991 and CRZ 2011 as well as the preparation, publication and contents of Draft CRZ 2018.The workshop also considered the scientific, environmental and social needs for conservation of the coast and coastal resources and the rights of small and traditional fishing communities. The small and traditional fishing communities are by far the largest primary stakeholders and natural custodians of our coastal resources.”The draft notification has misused the power conferred on the ministry. The Environment Protection Act of 1986, under its section 3, provides the Center with the provision to take measures ‘for the purpose of protecting and improving the quality of the environment and preventing, controlling and abating environmental pollution ‘. But the Centre has used it to further open up the coast for exploitation and plunder by business and corporate houses,” Debasis Shyamal, secretary of the National Fish Workers’ Forum said.He added that the small and traditional coastal fishing communities, who are by far the largest stakeholders and natural custodians of our coastal resources, were not consulted by the ministry before rolling out the new draft. Fishermen organisations demanded that a law must be promulgated that will ensure the livelihood of the fishermen and also maintain the ecological balance of the coastal areas.DMF general-secretary Milan Das said: “The scale of the dilutions in the draft notification makes it more of an instructional manual for coastal development than a tool to protect the environment and the fishing communities.”
As the Panchayat elections in UP are scheduled next month, a 30-year-old son of a former village head (Gram Pradhan) of a Greater Noida village was crushed to death due to political rivalry on Sunday night. Police said the youth, who was expected to contest the election, was mowed down by
Kolkata: Metro Railway will be operating 16 trains lesser than usual on weekdays from Monday till December 21, due to the non-interlocking work at Mahanayak Uttam Kumar Metro Station. According to a communiqué of the Metro authorities, “On account of non-interlocking work at Mahanayak Uttam Kumar Metro Station, it has been decided to run 284 trains instead of 300 on weekdays, with effect from November 19 till December 21.” The task will be carried out in connection with remodelling work at Mahanayak Uttam Kumar Metro Station yard. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeIt has been stated that the Noapara Metro Station bound last train from Kavi Subhash Metro Station will start two minutes ahead of the regular timing, that is at 8.48 pm instead of 8.50 pm. The last train from Noapara Metro Station to Kavi Subhash Metro Station will start at 9.48 pm instead of 9.49 pm. The last train from Kavi Subhash Metro Station to Dum Dum Metro Station and from Dum Dum Metro Station to Kavi Subhash Metro Station will start at 9.54 pm instead of 9.55 pm. However, the service on Saturdays and Sundays will remain unchanged. With the information provided by the Metro authorities, the regular commuters of Metro will be able to plan their journey accordingly.
Try opting for colours like emerald and sapphire or go for pale hues with embellishments and pastel to make a style statement this festive season, says an expert.*Persian influence: Radiate royalty with colours like Emerald, sapphire, oxblood red, and Mauve.*Glamorous fabrics: velvet or brocade go best with these colour trend. Dusky or olive skin-tones could carry this trend effortlessly. *For off-beat attires, experiment with colours like lilac or icy-blue, or tangerine, amber, and teal if you feel like wearing an outfit which will make you look good in the little cold weather around you. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf*Pale hues: Nude, beige, and toasted almond are the hues which are on everyone’s must have. Pale hues look best with embellishments. Mirror work could add a traditional charm to the attire you choose. *Pastel: Dusty pink and serenity are dreamy, neither pale neither flashy. This colour trend is best suited with silver thread embroidery or ivory embellishments.*Vintage grey: Combine this colour with sun-yellow as the combo will create a striking contrast.*Multicolour: Various pieces of your outfit should be in complementing colours, you can team up yellow choli, green lehenga and a red dupatta for an energetic contrast look.
Kolkata: Mayor Firhad Hakim gave a 7-day ultimatum to the cable operators in the city on Thursday, to remove dead overhead wires which are causing visual pollution in various parts of the city.”We have given a deadline to the cable operators in the city to bring down all the overhead wires that are no longer functional. If they do not do so within the stipulated time, the civic body will remove them. In many places these dead cables are creating a nuisance and also causing visual pollution,” Hakim said. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseThe Mayor also said that the Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) will dig tunnels to accommodate various overhead cables that are found in the city. According to the initial plans, the work of digging tunnels will be done at three strategic locations like Alipore Road, Harish Mukherjee Road and Park Street. Later, the project would be initiated in other places in the city. “As there is huge cost involved in constructing tunnels, we have decided to start the project at three places in the city where we see congregation of a large number of cables that cause visual pollution. The concept has already been implemented in Nabadiganta and Rajarhat,” Hakim maintained. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataThe main purpose of the civic body is to rid the city’s skyline of ugly overhead wires. It may be mentioned that Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee had given a clarion call to beautify the city across various parameters. Taking cue from the Chief Minister’s idea of beatification, KMC has been taking up various measures including the removing the banners and cables from different locations. The Mayor also mentioned that the DG of the electrical department has held a meeting with cables operators in this regard. He also pledged a vow to keep the city clean and free from visual pollution. Meanwhile, the Mayor himself held a meeting with the cable operators, broadcasters and MSOs on Thursday, urging them to show the rate chart on television over which some confusion has been created among people. “There has been confusion among people over the rate chart of various channels. We have asked the broadcasters and cable operators to give a proper display of the rates. They have to mention the rates of each channel,” Hakim said.
Kolkata: A youth was allegedly beaten to death at Kalighat here on Sunday. Some local residents told the officers at Kalighat police station in the morning that a man was lying unconsciously on the footpath of Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Road. Police rushed the person to SSKM Hospital where the doctors declared him brought deadThe man identified as Sankar Mondal (25) was a resident of Satish Mukherjee Road. The police said he was a thief and a drug addict. However, the officers are not sure if he had committed any crime in the area on Saturday night. A source informed that Mondal’s hands were tied with a rope when he was recovered by the cops. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseDuring preliminary investigation, officers came to know that Mondal was beaten up by some local residents on Sunday morning. But it is not clear whether he died due to the attack as doctors could not find any serious injury on his body which led his death. Though no complaint has been lodged, police may register a suo moto case if any homicidal angle is revealed in the autopsy report. In another incident, a 56-year-old person died after he fell ill inside the Kalighat metro station. The deceased identified as Haran Mondal of Bansdroni. After he felt ill, on duty police personnel at Kalighat Metro Station rushed him to M R Bangur Hospital where doctors declared him brought dead. Later, it was revealed that he was suffering from acute cardiac problems and was undergoing treatment.
Square One Mall at Citywalk held an exciting panorama of works by Gallerie Nyva curated by a young and brilliant Meher Kalra.Nvya has the history of selling impeccable art through the years and specializes in the masters. But this time Meher Kalra decided she wanted to do a show that was meant for small pockets, young beginners and it seemed to be a great success with the buzz of new names and emerging creations of sensibilities.”The thought behind a show within reach is to inspire youngsters to start collecting art. Keeping the price range lower so youngsters start appreciating art and not hesitate from visiting an art show thinking art is unaffordable for them,” adds Meher. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfAmong works on the walls as well as a few quaint sculptures, the best of the lot was Sachindranath Jha’s in these festivities disciples. About his works Jha says, ” I use colours to create, flowers, as well as kumkum, and chandan and many other things. But in all of these flowers I feel it has its own mesmerizing glow. Lal, pila, narangi, saffed and other colour flowers are used in puja which represents the beauty of our culture. These florals have led to the innovation of chirping birds on the head.My works are all created after my pooja at Varanasi. Beside the banks of Varanasi, in front of the temples an aroma of serenity flows. I feel the head is the perfect image of purity and development. Flowers bring optimism and joviality. Combination of colours has been used to show the relation between bhoot and vartaman kaal. I created a series of Hanumans with flowers on their heads to echo the aarti and the archana done in the temples.” Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveTapasya Gupta’s Musical palette was a guitar that had been created in mixed media-quaint and cute as a kitsch-like concoction. Omswami’s Ganesha is another brilliant creation with a riot of colours. Niraja Bhuwal’s Kamadhenu with Calf was a mesmerizing work done in the mantle of decorative embellishments and perfect contours with expression.Among the larger works, Sanjay Soni’s Smiling Monks was the epitome of Buddhist imagery replete with lotuses and a set of energetic smiling monks who speak of both bhakti and the idea of service to the soul and society. According to Meher, this exercise of emerging names and smaller prices was the genesis of a long time promise by Nvya to provide a platform for young artists. “Around 10 artists were new to the gallery. A lot of times the young artists don’t get established galleries to showcase their works. In ‘WithinReach’ we tried to use new and many mediums, such as fiber on a corrugated sheet, a real guitar, wood works, painted leather chairs and tables, woodcuts, mirror works, watercolors and acrylic on canvas.”The show runs all the way till July.
Kolkata: The body of an elderly person was found inside a train compartment at Sealdah railway station on Monday afternoon.Till night, his identity could not be established. According to Eastern Railway (ER) spokesperson, on Monday, the Down Naihati-Sealdah local entered the platform number 1 at Sealdah railway station around 3:55 pm. During checking of the compartments, a Railway Protection Force (RPF) personnel spotted a half-naked body of an elderly person on the floor of a compartment of the local train. After taking a close look at the body, the RPF personnel suspected that the man could be dead. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataHe immediately informed the Sealdah railway station authorities. A doctor from ER’s B R Singh Hospital was called for a quick check up. While the doctor was on his way, RPF personnel removed the body from train and placed it on a bench at the platform. After examination, the doctor declared the person dead on arrival. Later, Government Railway Police (GRP) at the Sealdah railway station was informed. Sleuths took charge of the body and sent it for autopsy examination. Police sources said the elderly person could have died due to some illness as there were no injury marks on the body.
Gallery SKE’s Sunitha Emmart always keeps me guessing about what she will unravel by Sudarshan Shetty in many of her avant-garde unveilings. At the ‘AD Design Show’ in Mumbai, Sudarshan’s ceramic and wood ensembles open the door to multiple interpretations and makes us think about the mystery of the familiar object.The blue and white China mementoes look like poetic constructions that blend the merging of Indian and Western traditions even as it explores domestic dynamics. Kept neatly on a wooden ledge, it offers a subtle way of looking at the relationship between an object and consciousness. The quaint installation of hybrid crockery; broken China vases that have been put back together with fragments of reclaimed teak, speak to us about symbolic representations as well the role of the vessel that carries both memories and the past. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf”I have often created works that are an exploration of the internal states of being through memory and the familiar world of domestic objects,” adds Sudarshan whose critical notes often quote Nirgun poets. These nine vases raise questions of the fragility of familiar objects and age-old customs, even as the artist explores possibilities of syncretism as applied to the private sphere. “There is an old saying that broken ceramic can never be mended,” said Sudarshan when he had his solo show at Gallery SKE in Delhi in 2014. ” It’s futile trying to redo it, but I attempt this extreme situation of bringing something back to life. And when I do it, new forms emerge. My signature style shouldn’t be read into the scale of the work but what it represents.” Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThen you realise that the nine vases actually talk to us about varied subjects like mortality, sense of loss and broken structures. Ceramics is at the core of the concept. What Sudarshan does is invite responses from viewers, there is always a charge of joy and anticipation of encountering the visual kinetics, the poetry with materials and worker’s pride in the process. While these pieces would engage without an agenda, their presence and tactile qualities are somewhat seductive on a softer side. He has often described himself as an information gatherer and often spoken of curating his art rather than making drawings from Mumbai itself and “from my day-to-day negotiation with this city.” This activity is lubricated in the hybrid ensemble of fine china and reclaimed wood. The single shelf of nine vases transforms the white cube into the interior of a home. Sudarshan gently queries the fundamental ontology of objects through his exploration of the idea of ‘nakli’ or ‘fake.’ Material translations of found objects, often with reclaimed teak wood sourced from old houses coming down in Mumbai, play on the notion that objects are always already referential. The workmanship and time embodied in these quaintly handcrafted forms draws attention to the creation of an artifice, reflecting on our inherent value systems, when perceiving the works in a museum or gallery context.
In the 2000 film Gladiator, as he stood defiantly in the Coliseum of Rome, a general turned slave named Maximus, portrayed by Russell Crowe, declared, “I will have my vengeance in this life or the next.” At the end of the film, Maximus lay dead in the dirt, but nonetheless that doesn’t prevent a next life for Gladiator, with Deadline Hollywood reporting that director Ridley Scott is developing a sequel to the film. It seems fairly certain Maximus will not return, but with Hollywood one can never be sure.Russell Crowe facing off against tiger in a scene from the film Gladiator (2000). Photo by Universal/Getty ImagesAccording to Deadline, “While he has been eyeing other projects that include a coming of age Merlin movie at Disney, Ridley Scott has begun forward progress on a sequel to Gladiator, the 2000 film which garnered 11 Oscar nominations and five wins including Best Picture and Best Actor for Russell Crowe.”The Hunger Games screenwriter Peter Craig will develop the script, reported several media outlets.The Emperor of Rome Commodus (Joaquin Phoenix) questions the loyalty of his sister Lucilla (Connie Nielsen) in Dreamworks Pictures’ and Universal Pictures’ Epic Gladiator, directed by Ridley Scott. Photo By Getty ImagesReportedly the sequel will follow the story of Lucius, who was a child in the original film, the son of Lucilla (Connie Nielsen), the sister of Emperor Commodus (Joaquin Phoenix) and lover of Maximus. Lucius idolized Maximus in the first film.Maximus is a fictional character, but Lucilla and Commodus are real people who lived in the 2nd century AD.She conspired against her despised brother, which was also a plot development in Gladiator, but in reality her coup attempt failed and she was executed. Lucius, her son, died young.Pollice Verso (Thumbs Down) by Jean-Léon Gérôme, the 19th century painting that inspired Ridley Scott to tackle the project.Developing a sequel to Gladiator has been discussed for years. The problem is, Russell Crowe was considered central to the original’s success.In an interview several years ago quoted in The Sun, Ridley Scott said of Maximus, “I know how to bring him back. I was having this talk with the studio — ‘but he’s dead.’ There is a way of bringing him back. Whether it will happen, I don’t know.”Russell Crowe (seen here in 2012) received critical praise for his performance in ‘Gladiator’ and won the Academy Award for Best Actor. Photo by Eva Rinaldi CC BY-SA 2.0Crowe, in a different interview, said, “On the set of Gladiator I built up a relationship with [Scott] that would last forever. Ridley did a job that was both epic and magical.”The actor has also said that Maximus was one of his favorite characters.Before Scott and Crowe worked together on Gladiator, the director was best known for Alien, Blade Runner, and Thelma and Louise. He has said in interviews he wanted to make an epic that rose above the “Swords and Sandals” cliches.Ridley Scott on the set of Blade Runner. Photo by Sunset Boulevard/Corbis via Getty ImagesThe part was offered to Mel Gibson, but he turned it down because he thought he was too old to do it justice.Crowe, born in New Zealand and later a resident of Australia, had already appeared in several successful films, but Gladiator was a high point to date, with his Oscar win.Afterward, he starred in A Beautiful Mind, The Insider, Master and Commander, Robin Hood, Noah, and Les Miserables.Despite all the praise Crowe has showered on Scott, reports agree that the two fought on the set of Gladiator, with Crowe repeatedly complaining about the dialogue and pressuring for changes.Russell Crowe on the set of movie Gladiator, being filmed at Bourne Wood. Photo by Ken Goff/The LIFE Images Collection/Getty ImagesIn a scene early in the film, when Maximus is asked about his home, he describes it movingly. That dialogue was written by Crowe.The acting of Joaquin Phoenix as the evil young Emperor Commodus also won praise, as did that of two veterans of film: Oliver Reed as Proximo and Richard Harris as Marcus Aurelius. Reed, an alcoholic, died before the film was finished and a body double and CGI were employed to complete his key part. Richard Harris died in 2002.Gladiator was a box office smash, earning $460 million. It also kicked off more interest in films and books on the ancient world. The films Troy, 300, and Alexander were believed to have gotten the green light because of “the Gladiator effect,” as did the TV series Spartacus.Read another story from us: Roman Gladiators – 6 Surprising Insights You May Not Have KnownAnother important factor in the success of Gladiator was the soundtrack by Hans Zimmer. It is one of the best-selling scores of all time.
Bitcoin is something very few people seem to really understand, is nauseatingly volatile, and until it’s explosion several year’s ago, relatively worthless. When crypto currency did skyrocket over 9,000% in 2011, it instantly minted 1,000’s of millionaires overnight. That newly filthy rich group does not include Laszlo Hanyecz. Also known as, “Bitcoin pizza guy.”Hananycez, a Florida computer programmer, was an early adopter of Bitcoin in 2010, and had tons of it when the value was around a penny per coin. Today, one bitcoin is valued at roughly $8,000. Hanacyz sat down with Anderson Coioper to explain how he blew through nearly a billion dollars in today’s Bitcoin by buying common household stfuff, and tons of pizza. He recalled spend 10,000 units on two Papa John’s pies. That’s the equivalent of over $800 million going by today’s value. Hopefully he got an extra garlic dipping sauce.There’s no more excruciating tale than that of the almost rich. This one sure stings.
Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. 4 min read For every business, the best customer is the one you already have. And in today’s noisy, ever-changing e-commerce landscape, developing and maintaining a base of loyal customers is as essential as it’s ever been. We talked to 3 experts for their tips on how to keep customers coming back. 1. Dangle a carrot. Sometimes a small gesture can go a really long way toward making a customer feel valued. Terry Lin, e-commerce educator and founder of Baller Leather fashion accessories, points to Diamond Candles, who figured out a creative way to build great social incentives into their customers’ purchases. Existing customers would get a $5 discount code for friends after their first purchase. Once their friend used the code, the original customer would get another $5 credit.“By doing so, they have built in a viral coefficient where one person has to tell another in order to realize the benefit of the $5 off code,” Lin explains. “Most businesses just give the code away without much incentive built in.”Related: Tips for Building Smarter Websites2. Make customers feel special. Since shopping online can be a sort of lonely and impersonal experience, don’t neglect good old-fashioned customer care. Dave Huckabay, who sells scientific and industrial equipment, calls clients after they make large purchases. He suggests e-retailers consider a similar strategy for certain major purchases, reaching out through email or phone to make sure the product arrived and that the customer is enjoying it. “They’ll remember this. Follow up with an email thanking them for their time. Then send them an email coupon before the holidays.”3. Use their inbox. Email newsletters are underutilized according to our experts, and are a great way to make customers feel they have the inside track. Give your buyers the first look at new product lines or sale items. Consider coupon codes that are only available to email newsletter subscribers. Make sure they know they’re getting an exclusive.Related: 5 Ecommerce Mistakes to Avoid4. Beckon them back. Once a customer does buy something, it’s crucial to give them a reason to return. Huckabay suggests including a coupon in the box with their order. Did they buy a coffeemaker? Perhaps they’ll come back for a discount on coffee, filters or other related items.5. Track customer behavior. Study your customers’ buying habits. If they usually make a purchase once every four months, send them a promotional email once every three months to preempt their buying decision. For regulars, Huckabay says it’s a good idea to encourage customers to sign up for refill subscriptions.It’s important not to be overbearing though. “You should come at this from the perspective of ‘how can I possibly help this person,’ not ‘how can I milk the fact that he’s on my email list,” Huckabay adds.Related: 4 Ways to Get Influencers to Spread Your Brand’s MessageHuckabay says it also pays to make inferences about what motivated a particular purchases and how to capitalize on that information. “If they bought jewelry in the last half of January, it’s probably a valentines present, Huckabay says. “Then, he gets an email from me about valentines day.”6. Check your analytics. With advances in web analytics, site owners have a range of powerful tools to see what content or items are popular or cause users to bounce away from your site. Lin says heat map software is a great way to see what parts of your site potential customers use the most. This is a feature available through both free and paid software.“Heatmaps allow you to see where visitors are clicking, reading, and dropping off on your website. From there, you can make certain design changes to your site,” Lin says. “If a lot of folks are scrolling down to click on a certain page, you may want to consider moving it higher up to make things more convenient for them.” Register Now » September 8, 2014 Free Webinar | Sept 5: Tips and Tools for Making Progress Toward Important Goals Attend this free webinar and learn how you can maximize efficiency while getting the most critical things done right.
November 23, 2018 5 min read Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. The tech industry has had a momentous year in 2018, with several new technologies claiming the hearts and minds of insiders and observers alike. Innovations like blockchain, AI, and neural networks dominated headlines with their game-changing potential, and for good reason. These technologies permeate into every sector, from public services to business, and create new opportunities for disruption and innovation.Even so, these leaps forward are not without their risks. New technologies are always slightly ahead of the security designed to protect them. Blockchain has created thousands of new ideas and businesses, but it has come with a bevy of high-profile hacks, attacks and vulnerabilities. Supply chains, which have made tremendous upgrades in communication and precision, remain open to potentially devastating hacks.Fortunately, cyber security has continued its steady pace of innovation, and there new solutions emerge daily. IT departments and professionals should always be on the lookout for new tools that could aid them. Top cyber security IT pros will be following these trends in 2019.1.) Predictive cyber protection gets a boost with AI.Analytics has become a prominent part of most organizations’ technology infrastructure. Advances in predictive analytics and AI mean that organizations are more capable than ever before at diagnosing and understanding their security in real-time. For instance, the field of fraud prevention and anti-money laundering has received a massive boost. As GigaSpaces VP of Product Yoav Einav points out, “machine learning and deep learning models can determine which transactions are most likely to be fraudulent automatically and efficiently, with fewer false positives.”Related: Importance of Data Security in the Age of Artificial IntelligenceFor financial services providers, banks, and other businesses, the ability to understand patterns and trends that could indicate fraud is vital. More importantly, the capability of having this information in real-time makes it easier to spot and detect fraud. As AI and machine learning continue to improve in 2019 and beyond, predictive cyber protection will become a norm, not an exception.2.) Self-Evaluating applications will continue to evolve.In addition to detecting external threats, AI and machine learning will continue to play an important role in helping applications protect themselves. For human operators, it is not always easy to detect small vulnerabilities in massive networks, leaving some areas inevitably exposed and without real protection. Automation is already a vital trend in tech, but its combination with AI has given it new wings to spread into different areas. One of the biggest new movements in the upcoming year will be the rise of runtime application self-protection (RASP), which will be able to detect problems without human intervention.RASPs provide an additional layer of security as they detect, diagnose, and defend against attacks that happen at an application level, such as SQL injections. Per a report from Gartner, nearly 40 percent of enterprise-level businesses will be using RASPs to some extent by 2020.3.) The authentication revolution.Even though the value of the information we store online continuously grows larger, the tools we use to keep that data safe remain woefully obsolete. Passwords are useful for verification and identification purposes, but they are also notoriously poor tools when it comes to guaranteeing data security. More recently biometric verification, 2-factor authentication, and other methods have started replacing passwords, but 2019 and beyond should be a stepping stone for a new change.Related: What You Need to Know About Multifactor AuthenticationFor one, Identity-as-a-service (IDaaS) are becoming increasingly popular and removing the need for passwords. Fast Identity Online (FIDO), which uses biometric or vocal recognition, is becoming more widely accepted and presents a more secure alternative to passwords. Even technology like blockchain offers a significant upgrade in verifying and authenticating users thanks to robust, transparent protocols that remove the need for obsolete and unsafe passwords.4.) Perspectives changing on data security governance.Data has been in the news several times in 2018, mostly in a negative light. This year has already seen several high-profile security breaches, and not even companies like Facebook are safe from a massive attack that affected 50 million users’ data. Moreover, the speed at which data is generated, stored, and shared has increased exponentially. In this new unexplored environment, understanding the best practices for governing data and ensuring its security is paramount to safety.Related: Here’s How You Can Secure Your Data with BlockchainAs these issues continue to pop up and take over headlines, companies are going to continue reevaluating their data security governance to find better ways to adapt. Areas like big data governance and cloud governance will become larger issues as organizations continue to embrace these new fields. As our understanding of these technologies expands, data security governance will evolve to keep up with these changing paradigms.5.) BYOD will continue expanding and adding security challenges.BYOD (bring your own device) is one of the most popular trends in business IT, as it reduces corporate costs, makes remote working easier, and has been shown to increase productivity when deployed properly. However, accounting for every user’s security standards is a logistical nightmare for IT departments. Most workers do not keep the same high bar set by corporate regulations and can create serious vulnerabilities for even the most secure networks.Next year will see an intersection of rising popularity and a need for a safer way to implement BYOD policies. Whether it be through verification systems that lock sensitive data or parts of the network or simply through smarter and more secure networks, the technology is here to stay, and security will have to keep pace. Register Now » Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global