Category: laecpour

Security Sector, Media Build Mutual Relationship

first_imgThe long-existing suspicion and distrust between the media and the security sector may wither away soon, now that the Africa Center for Strategic Studies (ACSS) is taking steps towards bridging the gap between the two.At a one-day forum held on March 6, through the instrumentality of ACSS with support from the United States Embassy, representatives of various security apparatuses and some members of the Liberian media met for the first time and shared views as to why they do not share information to enlighten the public.Although the Ellen Johnson Sirleaf-led Administration has given the much needed press freedom to the media and has signed a series of documents including the Table Mountain Declaration and the Freedom of Information Act, there has always remained difficulties in receiving information from security institutions including the Armed Forces of Liberia (AFL), the Liberia National Police, (LNP) the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization, (BIN) amongst others.At the forum, security personnel accused the media of ethical issues including failure to protect source and publishing of sensational stories that are not balanced and lack elements needed to substantiate the idea portrayed in headlines.A member of the Armed Forces of Liberia indicated that most journalists in the country do not ascertain their stories before publishing; instead, they hastily rush to put unbalanced stories in the newspaper or on the radio.According to the AFL personnel, when the Armed Forces of Liberia was sending a troop to Mali last year, the troop could not leave the day speculated in the media, but another day.“Instead of following the issue to report the actual day the troop departed the ground, the speculation was published and there was no follow-up.  This makes us reluctant to believe information coming from the media,” the AFL personnel noted.Clarifying why security including the AFL does not just release information to the media for public consumption, Capt. Dessaline F. Allison, Chief of Public Affairs of the Armed Forces of Liberia said information is preserved in order to secure their operational activities which enemies do not need to know.Citing a reference to the crisis in the Ivory Coast, Capt. Allison said the Government of Liberia has committed itself to securing the border so that no Liberian or any rebellious group will cross to cause trouble in that country, but if suspects are caught, they cannot bluntly come out to announce to the public through the media because it will undermine the diplomatic relations between the two countries.According to him, the GOL’s Standard Operation Procedure (SOP) does not permit its public relations aparatus to put out certain information that may undermine the state, and as such the media will always blame government for not giving out information the public needs.Media practitioners at the forum in separate views also accused the security sector of intimidation and refusing to give information when requested.They said as a result of the poor relation exhibited by people in the security sector, they (media practitioners) go ahead and publish what they observe instead waiting for the other side of the story.The six-hour discussion, however, reached a consensus wherein the security sector and media agreed to work together in sharing publishable information and upholding information that may have security implications on the state.Speaking earlier at the opening of the forum, the Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy in Monrovia, Sheila Paskman noted that government does not have to disclose everything to the press because of some legitimate reasons associated with state security.She cautioned the media to be credible and uphold its integrity by reporting balanced and accurate stories.Ms. Paskman said if readers do not see credible information in the news article,  they will lose interest in reading the paper or listening to the station; noting that journalists have to strive to write balanced stories to arouse readers’ interest.For Colonel Thomas Dempsey of the Africa Center for Strategic Studies, “relationships between the media and government are very important in building democracy—especially the security sector.The forum was themed and styled: “Strategic Role of the Media in Security Sector Reform,” and based on this theme, Col. Dempsey said the Africa Center for Strategic Studies was bringing journalists and personnel of the security sector together to build a relationship through which the public will be involved with knowing what the state security is all about.Mr. James Momo, a former reporter of the Inquirer Newspaper now working with the ACSS told media practitioners that they have to consider that confidentiality was important in Journalism and that not all information is meant to be published.He said reporting on security requires accuracy and balancing like any other story, and therefore Journalists should build credibility and integrity by reporting fairly and in a balance manner.Meanwhile, the security sector in Liberia has been confidentially treated with not much information coming from there to the public.As a result, civilians perceive it to be more delicate—that acquiring information from there is illegal and would lead to grave consequences.With the new phenomenon emerging in building a relationship with the media, the phobia may be erased if the relationship is nurtured and consolidated.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

January 15, 2020 0

Moreno ‘super-motivated’ for debut Liverpool season

first_img1 Incoming Liverpool defender Alberto Moreno is experiencing a conflict of emotions as he “mourns” his departure from boyhood side Sevilla but also insists he is “super-motivated” for his debut season with the Merseyside outfit.Having chased the 22-year-old Spain international all summer, the La Liga side have finally relented in Reds boss Brendan Rodgers’ long pursuit in the highly-rated left-back.Liverpool announced they had reached an agreement for the transfer on Tuesday, with Moreno arriving at the club’s Melwood training ground on Wednesday to finalise a £12million switch.Moreno was pulled from his side’s starting line-up to face Real Madrid in the UEFA Super Cup in Cardiff on Tuesday night and bade a tearful farewell to fans and team-mates after the 2-0 defeat at the Millennium Stadium.“I am living a strange situation because I’m leaving the club of my life,” the soon-to-be Liverpool man told ABC de Sevilla“I was always aware of the two teams (trying) to agree. I never got into that but Sevilla have understood that Liverpool’s offer was good and I am going.“[I have] many feelings together. What happened on the pitch, with the fans, will remain forever etched on me and I could not help but mourn [his departure] because I did not expect it.“First came the parting with colleagues, then with the fans…all very complicated.“Liverpool are a great team and of course I’m super-motivated. I hope things go well.” Incoming Liverpool defender Alberto Moreno last_img read more

January 6, 2020 0


first_imgA BURGLAR who threatened a woman with a knife has been jailed for three years.Stephen McCafferty, from Lawnsdale in Ballybofey, appeared at Letterkenny Circuit Court today following an ‘horrific’ incident in Stranorlar in April last year.The court heard McCafferty is currently serving an 18-month sentence for the armed robbery of a Chinese restaurant in March 2011. Gda Donal Kelly told the court that 24-year-old McCafferty has threatened Mary Gallagher when he broke into her home in Stranorlar at 5am on April 27 last year.It wasn’t first time McCafferty has robbed Miss Gallagher. He had stolen and damaged her care eight years previously.“She (the victim) was asleep on the couch and she awoke to see the male standing at the door leading into the sitting room. Ms Gallagher knew him and was able to identify them,” said Gda Kelly.“He held the knife up to her and demanded money from her,” he told the court.McCafferty stole Ms Gallagher’s purse containing €40 and bank cards and left the house, threatening his victim as he left not to call Gardai.Gda Kelly said that when he arrived at the scene in response to a ‘999’ call a few minutes later Ms Gallagher was so distraught she initially refused to open the front door.The court heard McCafferty had 15 previous convictions.His sister Amanda told Judge John O’Hagan that her brother had serious drink and drugs problems at the time despite the support of his family.However since beginning his 18-month prison sentence last November he had changed and wanted to change his life.McCafferty’s counsel Fiona Crawford said her client was “very focused in attempting to change his pattern of behaviour.”She also handed in a letter of apology written by McCafferty for 56-year-old Ms Gallagher.Judge John O’Hagan (pictured) went through McCafferty’s previous convictions and told the court the accused had been given a community service order for previous offences.McCafferty, he said, had not taken previous chances given to him in the District Court.He said McCafferty had ‘invaded the home of a fellow citizen’.“The efforts of the courts to give you a new way of life have been totally rejected by you,” he told McCafferty.The judge jailed McCafferty for three years.He said however that McCafferty did need another opportunity.So he ordered that the last six months of the sentence be suspended.He also ordered that McCafferty should be the subject of a 12-month supervision order on his release and ordered him to attend a residential addiction course.THREE YEARS JAIL FOR AGGRAVATED BURGLAR WHO THREATENED WOMAN WITH KNIFE was last modified: April 24th, 2013 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:BallybofeyStranorlarTHREE YEARS JAIL FOR AGGRAVATED BURGLAR WHO THREATENED WOMAN WITH KNIFElast_img read more

December 28, 2019 0

Palestinians got what they voted for

first_img AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORE11 theater productions to see in Southern California this week, Dec. 27-Jan. 2160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! It’s hard to say this to a family that hadn’t seen a paycheck in three months, but you got what you voted for. It’s hard to watch the Gaza Strip fall further into ruin, and not offer at least one “told you so.” There’s no way the Palestinian people could not have known what would ensue if they handed the torch to Hamas in the last elections. Hamas, after all, is not concerned with getting your garbage picked up, keeping the lights on or developing infrastructure. It’s not a group looking for sound ways to draw investment to the region, or concerned about providing children with a well-rounded education to enable them to function and succeed in the world. One overwhelming concern colors all of its domestic policy, all of its foreign policy, and every Palestinian party squabble: martyrdom. Before it was axed off the Internet in the United States, I used to regularly read Hamas’ Web site. In addition to pages spent blathering about Zionists, the site featured violent poetry encouraging martyrdom and downloadable wallpaper images with heroic Hamas figures set amid explosions. While the destruction of Israel was lauded as a noble goal, how to create a flourishing Palestinian state seemed off their radar. The problem with this single focus – besides the utter violence – is that martyrdom doesn’t feed and clothe your people, doesn’t fix potholes in the street, doesn’t transform a reliant state into a self-sustaining one. In voting for Hamas, the Palestinian people signed up for economic martyrdom, too. Everybody knew that the majority of the international community wouldn’t fund a group that advocated murderous attacks on its neighbor and the destruction of our ally. And so the Palestinian government quickly went broke. What is Hamas doing about it? Al-Jazeera reported on May 15 that Palestinian officials discovered a tunnel dug under President Mahmoud Abbas’ house in Gaza, suspecting it was a plot by Hamas to assassinate the Fatah leader. If Abbas dies, the speaker of the Hamas-led parliament would become president under Palestinian law. Hamas denied involvement. Earlier in the month, the UK’s Sunday Times reported that Israeli intelligence warned Abbas that members of Izzedin al-Qassam, Hamas’ military wing, planned to kill him on a visit to the Gaza Strip. Abbas took the warning seriously enough to cancel the visit. Days after the Al-Jazeera report, Fatah member and Palestinian intelligence chief Tareq Abu Rajab was seriously injured in a blast at his Gaza City headquarters. The next day, security chief Rashid Abu Shbak – also Fatah – was targeted by a roadside bomb planted en route from his home to his office. A previously unknown group boasting to be the Palestinian branch of al-Qaida claimed responsibility for the attack on Rajab, also stating on a Web site that they would target Abbas. Fatah still blames Hamas. But even if a new cabal of shoot-first Islamists has sprung up to spread bloodshed, Hamas is clearly not shedding any tears over the assassination attempts. In fact, the Fatah-Hamas conflict, which has seen rampant gunslinging in the streets in recent days, may bring civil war to a region that hasn’t even become a nation yet. And, by the way, is broke. The only change Hamas is actively seeking is geographic change – violently seize Israel so that the Palestinian map actually matches the ones that have been used to brainwash children in school textbooks. The maps don’t even show the Jewish state existing. In recent days, Abbas gave Hamas an ultimatum: Accept a two-state solution within 10 days, or he’ll take a referendum on the issue past their heads and to voters. “Nobody will recognize Israel,” sniped Hamas member and Foreign Minister Mahmoud al-Zahar about the proposal, which they rejected Sunday. And how would Palestinians vote on this, possibly as soon as July? Considering voters went for broke – literally – by electing Hamas, they may once again pick the jihad quest over common sense. But maybe I’m too quick to judge Hamas’ lack of governmental prowess: al-Zahar had an idea worthy of a prime-time telethon to relieve the financial crisis. Every Muslim should put a dollar in an envelope and send it to the Palestinian Authority, “so we can raise $1.3 billion per year.” Who knows, maybe next they’ll start selling Snickers bars door to door to raise cash. Just don’t open the door if you’re Fatah. Bridget Johnson writes for the Daily News. E-mail her at read more

December 27, 2019 0


first_imgClub Notes JUNE 13th:GAA CUL CAMP: Kellogg’s GAA Cul Camp in Straid from July 4th to 8th July. Please book online or contact John Friel to book your child in. Club hosting Open Morning on Saturday June 25th from 10am to 12 Noon to take registration for this Camp. PLEASE NOTE: All children must be booked in advance this year.SUPER VALU KITS FOR KIDS: Super Valu (Buncrana & Carndonagh) Kits for Kids: If you are shopping in Super Valu this weekend or any day, if you spend over €40 you will receive a voucher/receipt, Please pop this in the Urris GAA Box at the front door beside notice board to help towards receiving some kits for our Under Age teams. We need 2,000 tokens.SENIOR AND RESERVE FOOTBALL: Both teams were home to Burt with mixed results for both teams on the night. Final score in reserve match: Urris 2-16 Burt 3-09. Great come back from the lads as they were 8 points down at one stage. Final score in Senior Match: Urris 1-05 Burt 1-10. Both teams have no game this weekend. BINGO: CLUB Bingo every Thursday night at 9.00pm in St Mary’s Hall, Clonmany. Please come along and support our weekly bingo, numbers have been dropping of late so bring a friend or two. Any funds raised goes directly into the club to help with day to day finances.MATCH “N” WIN: Thursday June 9th: No jackpot winner—-numbers drawn: 3, 9, 20 & 23. €15 winners:Catherine Cannon, Letterkenny.Angela Friel, DunaffPaddy Ranty & Ashling Kelly,Porter Family, Rooskey.Vanessa Grant, Toland Bar, Clonmany.Jackpot next week €1,340. Thanks as ever to all our lotto sellers and to all who support the club in this weekly draw.WELL DONE: Well Done to Dara Harkin who came 5th this evening in the Primary Schools Skills County Finals in Killygordon. Dara represented the club brilliantly and a great achievement to get to the Co finals.UNDER AGE TRAINING SCHEDULE:U6 Boys & Girls every Friday from 5.30pm to 6.30pm.U12 Boys (U12 girls welcome) every Thursday from 4 to 5pm.U14 Boys: Every Tuesday at 6.00pm.U12 & U14 Girls: Thursday at 5.45pm to 7pm.U16 Boys : Every Sunday at 11am.As times and days may change please check our Face Book page for daily updates. FIXTURES FOR WEEK AHEAD:Tuesday: U12’s home to Carndonagh at 6.30pm.Tuesday: U14 Girls away to Four Master, Donegal Town at 7pm.Wednesday: U12 Girls home to Moville at 6.30pm.Friday: U14 boys home to St Michaels at 7.30pm in Championship.Saturday: U8’s home to Newtown at 11am.As fixtures and times may change for various reasons please check our Face Book page for daily updates.NIGHT AT THE RACES: In Mac Tams on Saturday August 13th. More details to follow.GAA NEWS: MIXED RESULTS FOR URRIS’S SENIOR TEAMS was last modified: June 13th, 2016 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:GAA newsGAA notesURRIS GAAlast_img read more

December 27, 2019 0

‘They had wonderful talent’ – West Ham academy praised after Cole retires

first_img Which teams do the best on Boxing Day in the Premier League era? RANKED no dice huge blow Oxlade-Chamberlain suffers another setback as Klopp confirms serious injury Latest Football News REVEALED Where Ancelotti ranks with every Premier League boss for trophies won Son ban confirmed as Tottenham fail with appeal to overturn red card Forbes list reveals how much Mayweather, Ronaldo and Messi earned this decade He joined the Hammers at the age of eight and made 187 appearances, before Chelsea bought him for £6.6m in 2003.And Pearce, who was Cole’s team-mate during his West Ham days, told talkSPORT: “They had some wonderful talent, Joe being one of them.“They all came through together – a clutch of really talented young players.“He enjoyed his time at West Ham, they encouraged his talent. I think the fans love that sort of Di Canio type, someone who can go out there and show their talent. Joe Cole was a star from a young age at West Ham REVEALED Cole said in a statement: “After 20 years as a professional, the time has come for me to hang up my boots. It has been a dream come true. All of it.“Whatever is next, I hope the next two decades are as special as my last 20 years as a professional have been. A huge thanks to everyone who helped me along that path.”Want to see talkSPORT’s brilliant Breakfast duo Alan Brazil and Ally McCoist live on tour? Buy tickets for their London show here. “He flourished with that and got even better when he went to Chelsea and onwards.”The 37-year bows out of professional football after 716 appearances, scoring 104 goals for seven different clubs.He made his international debut for England aged 19 and went on to earn 56 caps, appearing at three separate World Cups. MONEY ADVICE Ronaldo warned Lukaku how hard scoring goals in Serie A would be before Inter move Stuart Pearce has paid tribute to the West Ham youth system for producing talent like Joe Cole.The former Hammer today announced his retirement after an illustrious 20-year playing career which saw him win three Premier League titles and two FA Cups with Chelsea.Cole was originally part of West Ham’s ‘golden generation’ which went on to achieve huge success, alongside the likes of Michael Carrick, Frank Lampard and Rio Ferdinand. 3 The Englishman won every domestic trophy with the Blues BEST OF 3 Every time Ally McCoist lost it on air in 2019, including funny XI reactions Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade last_img read more

December 26, 2019 0

Watch: Christmas came early for Bobby as his dream car appears on Late Late Toy Show!

first_imgBobby Gallagher from Mountcharles was awe-struck when Ryan Tubridy brought out his dream car on the set of the Late Late Toy Show!9-year-old Bobby gave Tubs the run-down on the new Nerf Nitro kit and the impressive Hot Wheels car park. Bobby even had to do a spot of repair work when the gorilla who climbs the Hot Wheels tower decided to take a rest! The young motoring enthusiast then gave Ryan a quick run-down on buying his favourite type of car, a DeLorean, saying you could expect to be €10,000 out of pocket just for a shell, with a fully functioning one costing upwards of €50,000!When Ryan asked had he ever seen a DeLorean in real life, Bobby joked “now I have” as Doc Brown drove on stage!Bobby was amazed when Doc Brown appeared on stage driving his dream car!Bobby sat in his dream car and immediately gripped the steering wheel with a huge smile on his face.We’re certain there’ll be sightings of this time travelling car across South Donegal in days to come, although we’re not sure if any of the local filling stations stock plutonium! A real life Delorean in the house! We are officially jealous of nine-year-old Bobby Gallagher from Mountcharles Co Donegal #LateLateToyShow— RTE One (@RTEOne) December 1, 2017Bobby is driving back to Donegal in a DeLorean then #LateLateToyshow #Delorean— Eibhlín Ní Ruaidhrí (@EllenMellon_88) December 1, 2017The award to best accent goes to Bobby from Donegal #LateLateToyshow— Eibhlín Ní Ruaidhrí (@EllenMellon_88) December 1, 2017Never been so jealous of a #LateLateToyShow child as Bobby and his cars.— Aaron Mc Elroy (@ItsAaronMcElroy) December 1, 2017Find a person who looks at you that way Bobby looks at cyars #LateLateToyShow— Shane Lynch (@ShaneLynch225) December 1, 2017Watch: Christmas came early for Bobby as his dream car appears on Late Late Toy Show! was last modified: December 3rd, 2017 by Elaine McCalligShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:bobby gallagherdeloreanLate Late Toy ShowMOUNTCHARLESlast_img read more

December 22, 2019 0

All-Stars take down Chico Heat in second annual Great West League All-Star game

first_imgCla … Chico >> Zander Clarke didn’t go deep in the home run derby. He was saving the long ball for the Great West League All-Star game. Clarke hit a two-run home run over the right field wall as the Great West League All-Stars took down the Chico Heat 11-1 in the second annual GWL All-Star game Monday night at Nettleton Stadium.“That was really not what I was intending to do,” Clarke said. “The home run derby was hard. Swinging a bat for four minutes is harder than sprinting a mile.”last_img read more

December 21, 2019 0

Mbombela: ‘Africa’s wildest stadium’

first_img2 October 2009 There’s certainly nothing conventional about Mbombela Stadium in Nelspruit – dubbed “Africa’s wildest stadium”. The nickname’s not in reference to overly boisterous football fans; you’d be hard-pressed to find more laid-back, easy-going people than in South Africa’s Mpumalanga province. Rather, the nickname refers to something South Africa, and Mpumalanga in particular, is world-renowned for – its abundant wildlife, which strongly influenced the design of the stadium. As World Cup visitors approach Mbombela Stadium in 2010 they will see giant orange “giraffes” standing ready to welcome them, in the form of the towering roof columns that dominate the stadium’s façade. The venue’s seating is criss-crossed black and white to resemble zebra prints, while traditional Ndebele paintings light up the stadium’s meeting rooms, foyer and lounge areas. And if the giant orange giraffes didn’t catch your eye, the stadium’s corridors light up with psychedelic green, yellow, blue and orange walls that will have World Cup players reaching for their designer shades next year. Conventional it certainly isn’t, but with its dollops of colour, flair and imagination, the stadium will certainly stand out during the world sport’s biggest showpiece. More than just an eye-catcher, however, the stadium is a fantastic, compact football venue, with great views and comfortable spaces for teams, spectators, media and broadcasters. With the pitch newly laid, its 43 540 permanent seats already installed, and public address system and giant screen in place, Mbombela Stadium is weeks away from completion and chomping at the bit to showcase its warmth, vitality and the vibrance of its people to the world. The future didn’t always look as bright, as the city authorities navigated a number of construction strikes and disputes. But despite the challenges, the city and the workers have created a real bushveld gem. “This is really exciting,” says Mbombela Mayor Lassy Chiwayo. “For us this is a story of commitment, resilience and hard work. There are many unsung heroes who have made this possible. I want to pay tribute to the construction workers and to the community, who threw their weight behind us. “This new baby towering above us symbolises hope,” says Chiwayo. “We’re hoping this tournament will act as a stimulus for economic and social development.” He said it was important to the city and province that its rich cultural diversity, preserved over many years, was showcased during the World Cup. And he added that with neighbouring countries Mozambique and Swaziland intimately involved, Mbombela was well-placed to deliver on South Africa’s promise of “a distinctively African World Cup”. Source: 2010 Fifa World Cup South Africa Organising Committeelast_img read more

December 18, 2019 0

Great wheat yields, but rain needed Between the Rows

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Jeremy Goyings, Paulding Co.We had an excellent wheat year. Most fields went in the 90s. One field was as high as 115 and our lowest was 73 bushels. We felt pretty good about the whole range. We used a different herbicide for broadleaf control on the 73-bushel field. It was supposed to be safe but we feel like we hurt it and timing is important with that. And we definitely saw a difference between fields with split-applied nitrogen. We split-applied 190 acres and everything else just got one shot because the weather changed and it got cold. It was early, but it turned out that it made 10 bushels per acre and in some places 15 where we split-applied. We also went a little early on the Prosaro pass because it was supposed to rain. Then it didn’t rain and I waited until the head was fully exposed like what you really want and then applied Prosaro on the rest of the wheat. I think that later application made another 10 bushels.  That 115-bushel field had split-applied N and the late pass of Prosaro. I think that made a big difference. We learned a lot with this year’s wheat crop.Straw was extremely heavy. We pulled more straw off than we ever have before. We had a little over four big bales per acre averaging over 900 pounds. Every barn we have is stuffed clear to the doors.The quality was all excellent. We had test weight as high as 62 pounds and a lot of it was in the 60s. We put out about 450 acres of double-crops. The first ones are out and you can row them now. They are going to need a drink here pretty soon. We got a tenth on Friday and they are going to need some more rain here pretty quickly.There is very little corn tasseling here. A nice rain soon would be worth millions. On half of the beans the weed control is holding up pretty nicely and half we have ragweed breaking through.For the rest of this week’s reports, click here.last_img read more

December 17, 2019 0