Most trees are good and live long, low-risk lives. But some trees are bad and live short lives compromised by storms and people. Risky trees can fail and fall. Are your trees out to get you?Trees have value, provide benefits and are desired by humans. People find great psychological, monetary, aesthetic and utilitarian values in trees. The benefits humans get from trees are recreation, psychological, shade, heat dissipation, blockage of glare, blockage of noise, production of white noise, reduction of pollutants, production of oxygen, reduction of erosion, wildlife habitat, increase of property values and increase of economic stability. Trees need care, tooAlong with the many benefits trees provide, trees also have costs. Trees require some investment in growing space, maintenance and care. Once dead, trees can be expensive and dangerous to remove. One of the most overlooked tree costs is liability risk. Liabilities can include ecological, biological, aesthetic, social, economic and safety risks. People need to protect themselves and their property from these tree hazards.All trees grow, become larger and eventually fail. Trees that surround homes, line streets or border parking lots and playgrounds are all at some risk of failing. And some will fail sooner than others. Risks come with historyEvery tree situation has risk involved. Tree history, past abuse, storm damage, construction injury and other tree attributes all can lead to an increased risk of failure. Even minor events such as roots buckling sidewalks or branches rubbing on a roof can generate tree-associated risks of failure.Be aware of tree risks around your home, yard, street, school, church and workplace. As trees become massive and tall, even a single branch loss in a storm could damage property and injury people. Ask a professional for helpTree care professionals examine trees for structural problems and, at times, can try and correct these problems. Most trees do not need special structural support, just good maintenance activities and injury prevention. The most important aspect of tree risks is to understand how trees fail. Trees are modular structures that grow in stages, one part at a time. Trees fall apart one piece at a time or topple as a whole. Failure occurs along faults developed by injury, old damage, and stress from the environment and people.Structural faults include large vertical and horizontal cracks, large decayed areas, bark zones, narrow crotches or forks, dead wood and branches, large cavities, large leans, major root damage, poorly connected living branches and pest damage. These faults may be the result of old injuries or new damage. Many of these faults give way in wind and ice storms.Trees can not heal themselves when damaged. They can only seal-off the wound and grow-over the injury. Old trees can be filled with many hidden faults from old injuries. Branches, roots and stemsRisk assessments on trees are difficult and require a thorough knowledge of tree structure and tree failures. Each tree is different. On average, major structural failures are found in branches, 40 percent, or in roots and stems, 60 percent. Not all large liability risks require tree removal. There are many “non-removal” risks that commonly occur. Even small problems can lead to large liability risks. These risks include buckling of pavement by roots, damage to building foundations and septic systems, tripping caused by surface roots, presence of slippery leaves and litter (fruits, flowers, twigs, leaves), bites and stings from animals living in the tree, children and pet entrapment within cavities, face-level branch injuries and sight-line blocking.Trees represent significant risks to humans, but these risks are relatively small when compared to other daily risks. A tree’s value is usually much greater than any risk-associated costs. Using an informed approach to risks and tree-literate care and maintenance, you can have a landscape filled with “good” trees. For help, contact a tree risk specialist, arborist or a community forester.
Amsterdam, Netherlands | AFP | Jesse Lingard scored his first England goal as a reshaped side beat the Netherlands 1-0 in an Amsterdam friendly on Friday.This was England’s last away match before they travel to Russia for this year’s World Cup finals and they were rewarded with a well-deserved win against a Dutch side who will be one of the major absentees from the showpiece tournament.The result gave England their first win over the Netherlands since manager Gareth Southgate was a member of the side that triumphed 4-1 at Wembley during Euro 96.It also condemned Dutch great Ronald Koeman to defeat in his first match as manager of the Oranje. It was a goal that had been coming, with England’s midfield starting to find their onrushing forwards with through balls early in the second half.England faced early disruption when Liverpool’s Joe Gomez went off injured just minutes into the game, his place taken by Harry Maguire.Share on: WhatsApp Pages: 1 2 Turning to Lingard, he added: “I’m delighted for Jesse, he’s a player we’ve worked with for three or four years from the Under-21s and this year he is starting to finish the chances.”Meanwhile former Southampton and Everton manager Koeman said: “Defensively we played quite well, but didn’t create many chances. And we made some mistakes as well.”Shortly after England were denied what seemed a clear penalty, Manchester United midfielder Lingard scored the only goal of the game in the 59th minute. Several England players advanced their case for World Cup selection, with just next week’s friendly at home to Italy to come before Southgate picks his squad.“It was a good test for us, we came away from home and controlled the game,” Southgate told ITV Sport.– ‘Delighted for Jesse’ –
27 Oct 2016 Aimi follows in champion footsteps to promote disability golf English golfer Aimi Bullock played in the footsteps of Padraig Harrington when she tackled the 18th hole at the Portugal Masters.Aimi, a member at Woking and Sunningdale Ladies’ Golf Clubs, was one of six players selected to represent championship’s official charity, the European Disabled Golf Association.The European Tour event – which was won by Harrington – raised at least 22,000 euros for the charity and the money will be used to help train professionals, therapists, teachers and community workers to introduce golf to children with disability.Aimi, who has multiple sclerosis, joined the other five EDGA players at clinics where they showcased their talents – and challenged some of the pros to one-handed and one-legged putting contests.The six golfers were also able to play the final hole immediately after the end of the third round. They were accompanied by suitably bibbed caddies and by a commentary on play broadcast over the loudspeakers.Aimi said: “Playing the 18th was the highlight – and I did pretty good, avoiding the water unlike some of the guys. I hit a good drive, laid up, wedge into green and had a great two putt. I was very happy with bogey playing under spotlight for first time!She added: “The experience was amazing but exhausting, it’s going take a while to recover.”Aimi is one of five English golfers with disabilities who have shared their experiences to inspire more people to take up golf.Captions: Aimi Bullock (top) at the Portugal Masters and below, with the other EDGA volunteers. (Images courtesy EDGA).