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Apartment Building in Lootsi Street / HGA (Hayashi – Grossschm…

first_img Projects “COPY” Photographs CopyAbout this officeHGA (Hayashi – Grossschmidt Arhitektuur)OfficeFollowProductsWoodSteelConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousingApartmentsTallinnWoodHousingEstoniaPublished on February 14, 2013Cite: “Apartment Building in Lootsi Street / HGA (Hayashi – Grossschmidt Arhitektuur) ” 14 Feb 2013. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogAluminium CompositesTechnowoodWood Siding in KSR Villa BodrumPlasticsMitrexSolar SidingMetal PanelsAurubisOxidized Copper: Nordic BrownEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesCupa PizarrasCupaclad® 101 Random in Les PalmiersUrban ApplicationsIsland Exterior FabricatorsPublic Safety Answering Center II Envelope SystemConcreteKrytonConcrete Hardening – Hard-CemSkylightsVELUX CommercialModular Skylights – Ridgelight 25-40°Porcelain StonewareGrespaniaPorcelain Tiles – Coverlam ImperialWindowspanoramah!®ah! Vertical SlidingFastenersSchöckConcrete Façade Fasteners – Isolink®CarpetsFabromont AGTextile Floor Covering – Arena®CoatingsFormicaLaminate – ColorCore®2More products »Save世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream CopyApartments•Tallinn, Estonia Photographs:  Kalle Veesaar, Tomomi HayashiSave this picture!© Kalle VeesaarText description provided by the architects. This port and warehouse area in Tallinn, which was off-limits during the Soviet era, was given to the private sector in the 1990s. It now has the biggest opportunity for redevelopment in the vicinity of the historical Old Town. The triangular site was shaped by the planned extension of a 4-lane artery. Save this picture!© Kalle VeesaarWe saw the challenge to create one of the first living spaces close to the port, offering the residents views and air while at the same time contributing to the public architecturally and urbanistically. The Y-shape building, which has a central corridor, minimises its footprint by avoiding the street alignment of typical block-type apartment buildings. Both the residents and the public on the street share the extra room within the property line. The façade materials are chosen to bring in nature to the area: an exterior panel applied with natural wood veneer, spandrel glass silk-screened with patterns of plants, and glass curtain wall that projects the everyday life of people. Save this picture!PlanProject gallerySee allShow lessRegeneration of Part of the Piraeus Port Authority (OLP) Coastal Zone Competition En…ArticlesFuensanta Nieto & Enrique Sobejano Lecture at Portland State UniversityArticlesProject locationAddress:Tallinn, EstoniaLocation to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Share Area:  1701 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Apartments “COPY” ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/331117/apartment-building-in-lootsi-street-hga Clipboard Architects: HGA (Hayashi – Grossschmidt Arhitektuur) Area Area of this architecture project Apartment Building in Lootsi Street / HGA (Hayashi – Grossschmidt Arhitektuur) Save this picture!© Kalle Veesaar+ 10 Share ArchDaily Estonia 2005 ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/331117/apartment-building-in-lootsi-street-hga Clipboard Apartment Building in Lootsi Street / HGA (Hayashi – Grossschmidt Arhitektuur)Save this projectSaveApartment Building in Lootsi Street / HGA (Hayashi – Grossschmidt Arhitektuur) Year: last_img read more


June 17, 2021 0

Nketiah rejects loan transfer as Arsenal give him first-team shot

first_imgArsenal will hand Eddie Nketiah a shot in the first-team instead of sending him back on loan for the second half of the season. Loading… The Gunners starlet, 20, was recalled form his spell at Leeds in January and a host of Championship clubs were interested. Emirates chiefs looked to have accidentally confirmed Nketiah had completed a loan move to Bristol City after an online gaffe. The Championship club’s logo was next to Nketiah on the striker’s profile on the Gunners website. But after holding talks with Mikel Arteta, the hotshot is set to try and prove himself in North London. Nketiah scored five goals in 19 appearances for Leeds but Marcelo Bielsa preferred to use Patrick Bamford up front.Advertisement That saw Nketiah largely being used as an impact sub despite some impressive performances and Arsenal decided to bring him back. Bielsa turned to Southampton’s Che Adams as an alternative as he looks for the firepower he needs to keep up Leeds’ promotion push. But Saints chief Ralph Hasenhuttl has ruled out a move for the 23-year-old striker. He said: “I wouldn’t consider loaning him out. I need every player especially in an attacking position as we don’t have many.” Read Also:Arteta challenges Arsenal players to fill Aubameyang’s boots Arsenal are without Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang for three matches after their appeal against his ban was denied and Nketiah could be handed his shot over that span. FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Promoted Content6 Stunning Bridges You’ll Want To See With Your Own EyesBirds Enjoy Living In A Gallery Space Created For ThemWho Is The Most Powerful Woman On Earth?6 Ridiculous Health Myths That Are Actually True6 Interesting Ways To Make Money With A DroneTV Characters Who Hated Each Other But Later Became Friends10 Risky Jobs Some Women DoThese Hilariously Creative Shower Curtains Will Make Your Day7 Ways To Understand Your Girlfriend Better6 Incredibly Strange Facts About Hurricanes8 Things You Didn’t Know About CoffeeThe Very Last Bitcoin Will Be Mined Around 2140. Read Morelast_img read more


September 26, 2020 0

Baseball should open in warmth

first_imgBoston and Oakland kicked off the 2008 MLB season in Japan last week. Washington opened the baseball season in the States against Atlanta at their brand new ballpark Sunday with a dramatic 9th inning homerun by Ryan Zimmerman.The remaining teams were scheduled to open their season Monday, however, due to weather, several teams weren’t able to begin their season as scheduled.Don’t get me wrong — I don’t envy the schedule makers in baseball. I know they have a very tough job, but they need to get some common sense and stop scheduling teams in cold weather cities to play at home during the first week of the season.It seems like every year some team in the north opens a season at home against a team from the south or a team with a stadium with a dome.Just look at this year’s schedule.Milwaukee opens at Chicago Cubs. Toronto opens at New York Yankees. Arizona opens at Cincinnati. All three games were delayed because of rain. And all three road teams have a home stadium with a dome on it.It just seems logical that if you flip the games, you wouldn’t run into as many problems.Don’t get me wrong; as a Brewers fan I would rather end the regular season at home against the Cubs instead of having Milwaukee play at Chicago when possible playoff implications could be on the line for both teams. But I’m getting sick of early season games getting postponed because the schedulers keep making this mistake.Last season, the Cleveland Indians lost four home games because the powers-that-be decided it was a better idea for them to open at home during the first week instead of on the road. Their entire first series versus Seattle was canceled because of snow, and to avoid any more cancellations Cleveland was forced to move its next series against the Angels to Milwaukee to ensure they could actually play a game.Because of early season cancellations, the Indians were required to play 23 straight days during the stretch run while competing for the division title. They also played a “home” game in Seattle.While I realize what happened last season in Cleveland was an extreme situation and nothing anyone could have predicted, it all could have been avoided if Cleveland was scheduled to play that series against Seattle in Seattle where they too have a dome on their stadium.By continuing to schedule games early on in the season in cold weather cities where there is no dome, schedule makers are not only putting teams at a disadvantage, but they are also taking the excitement out of the start of the season.Yankees and Blue Jays fans have to wait until today to see their teams start their season. The Reds and Diamondbacks had to wait over an hour to take the field. The Brewers and Cubs were twice delayed by rain, and while both starting pitchers came back, had the second rain delay lasted any longer, both Lou Pinella and Ned Yost would probably be forced to ask their bullpen to cover six innings to start the season.I realize the schedulers add extra off days in April to try to help should games be delayed by rain or snow, but they could make things easier by taking advantage of the stadiums with domes by having them open the season.However, if they insist on continuing to open the season in cold weather cities, then they should delay the start of the season by a week in an effort to miss the weather.I don’t care what the schedule makers do as long as they do something to fix this problem that takes away some of the excitement of opening day every year. Greg is a senior majoring in communication arts. Let him know how you would schedule MLB if you were in control at [email protected]last_img read more


September 17, 2020 0

Rugby Cranes off to Zimbabwe

first_imgRugby Cranes have this morning set off for Harare where they will face off with the Zimbabwe Sables in the Rugby Afrique Tier 1A.The Cranes honestly are counting their chances; Zimbabwe was humiliated by Kenya 61-15 while we lost to Namibia at home 40-31 in an epic encounter.Namibia last weekend embarrassed a resurgent Kenya with a 56-21 scoreline, much to the regret of the Cranes as we literally threw away our game against the African champions.On the back of that performance, the Cranes are in a buoyant mood to upstage the Sables on home soil; reason being, it is the one honest chance they have of staying in the elite Tier 1A. It is unlikely we shall beat Kenya at home next weekend. StatisticsNamibia has 2 winsKenya has 1 win and 1 lossZimbabwe has 1 lossUganda has 1 lossThe team: Masendi Robert, Odongo Brian, Kitooke Elijah, Kimbowa Collin, Uhuru Odong Charles, Wandicho John Willam, Asaba Brian,Oketayot Byron, Mpande Arthur Joshua, Ogena Puis, Kalyango Thomas Oscar, Okorach Michael, Lubanga Chris, Magomu Ivan , Arthur Watum Cyrus, Odongo Marvin Harold, Mugerwa Asuman,Kiwalabye Davis Kayongo, Odong James, Wokorach Phillip, Ssebuliba Lawrence,  Jawdong Aredo Joseph, Kasita EricShare on: WhatsApplast_img read more


August 13, 2020 0

New Decision limits use of video evidence in golf

first_img The R&A and the USGA have issued a new Decision on the Rules of Golf to limit the use of video evidence in the game which takes effect immediately.The two organisations have also established a working group of LPGA, PGA Tour, European Tour, Ladies European Tour and PGA of America representatives to immediately begin a comprehensive review of broader video issues that arise in televised competitions, including viewer call-ins.New Decision 34-3/10 implements two standards for Rules committees to limit the use of video: 1) when video reveals evidence that could not reasonably be seen with the “naked eye” and 2) when players use their reasonable judgment to determine a specific location when applying the Rules. The full language of the Decision can be found on the R&A website.The first standard states “the use of video technology can make it possible to identify things that could not be seen with the naked eye.” An example includes a player who unknowingly touches a few grains of sand in taking a backswing with a club in a bunker when making a stroke.If the committee concludes that such facts could not reasonably have been seen with the naked eye and the player was not otherwise aware of the potential breach, the player will be deemed not to have breached the Rules, even when video technology shows otherwise. This extends the provision from ball at rest moved cases, which was introduced in 2014 (Decision 18/4).The second standard applies when a player determines a spot, point, position, line, area, distance or other location in applying the Rules and recognises that a player should not be held to the degree of precision that can sometimes be provided by video technology. Examples include determining the nearest point of relief, or replacing a lifted ball.So long as the player does what can reasonably be expected under the circumstances to make an accurate determination, the player’s reasonable judgment will be accepted, even if later shown to be wrong by the use of video evidence.Both of these standards have been extensively discussed as part of the Rules modernisation initiative and The R&A and the USGA have decided to enact this Decision immediately because of the many difficult issues arising from video review in televised golf.The standards in the Decision do not change any of the current requirements in the Rules, as the player must still act with care, report all known breaches of the Rules and try to do what is reasonably expected in making an accurate determination when applying the Rules.Video-related topics that require a deeper evaluation by the working group include the use of information from sources other than participants such as phone calls, email or social media and the application of penalties after a score card has been returned.Martin Slumbers, Chief Executive of The R&A, said, “We have been considering the impact of video review on the game and feel it is important to introduce a Decision to give greater clarity in this area. Golf has always been a game of integrity and we want to ensure that the emphasis remains as much as possible on the reasonable judgment of the player rather than on what video technology can show.”USGA Executive Director/CEO Mike Davis said, “This important first step provides officials with tools that can have a direct and positive impact on the game. We recognise there is more work to be done. Advancements in video technology are enhancing the viewing experience for fans but can also significantly affect the competition. We need to balance those advances with what is fair for all players when applying the Rules.”The R&A and the USGA will consider additional modifications recommended by the working group for implementation in advance of 1 January 2019, when the new code resulting from the collaborative work to modernise golf’s Rules takes effect. 25 Apr 2017 New Decision limits use of video evidence in golf last_img read more


August 12, 2020 0

Austria ‘really worried’ about TNT with addition of Cruz

first_imgUK plans Brexit celebrations but warns businesses may suffer Though, San Miguel is facing a TNT side that barely made the next round, coach Leo Austria knows that getting past the KaTropa won’t be easy.“They’ve always been in the semifinals and we know how strong this team is. TNT is a championship-caliber team,” admitted Austria, who was in attendance at Araneta Coliseum when TNT crushed Phoenix, 118-97, in a knockout for the last playoff spot on Sunday night.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crownSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkFoes as talented and experienced as the KaTropa don’t usually slide much further down the standings and an SMB-TNT matchup in the playoffs often happens from the semifinals onwards.But that’s the reality San Miguel will have to face as it begins what is shaping to be a tough journey to a fourth straight all-Filipino championship. Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award But Austria remains confident knowing that the Beermen, more often than not, rise to the occasion especially come playoff time.“Whenever we’re facing strong teams, our team rises to the challenge. I hope that the pride of the players will prevail and not let us down,” he said. “My team has proven itself to step up when it matters the most. I hope that it happens again in this game.”Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next MOST READ It’s too early to present Duterte’s ‘legacy’ – Lacson Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Sea turtle trapped in net freed in Legazpi City TNT’s Rosario relieved to get out with a win over Phoenix unharmed GALLERY: Barangay Ginebra back as PBA Governors’ Cup kings Steam emission over Taal’s main crater ‘steady’ for past 24 hours LATEST STORIES “I told them that the time will come when we’ll face our fellow contenders. But it just so happened that it came early with TNT placing eighth,” he said. “We’ll still treat this as a championship series.”Luckily for the Beermen, they have a twice-to-beat advantage in the quarterfinals. Though, it would be best if San Miguel disposes of TNT right away on Tuesday.Austria believes TNT will be different from the team San Miguel beat, 88-76, in Iloilo two months ago.And a big reason for that is the addition of his former player in college Jericho Cruz, who was acquired by TNT in a trade with Rain or Shine late last month.“With Jericho Cruz, their bench got deeper. Jericho is one of the key players in any team, so for TNT to have him, Jayson Castrom and Troy Rosario, I’m really worried about this team. I think this will be a tough assignment for us,” said Austria, who coached Cruz at Adamson.ADVERTISEMENT Phivolcs records 2 ‘discrete weak ash explosions’ at Taal Volcano Phivolcs records 2 ‘discrete weak ash explosions’ at Taal Volcano Jiro Manio arrested for stabbing man in Marikina Photo by Tristan Tamayo/ INQUIRER.netTouted as top contenders before the season started, San Miguel and TNT are set to face each other early in the playoffs when they clash in the 2018 PBA Philippine Cup quarterfinals.As expected, the Beermen finished the elimination round on top while the KaTropa had to play a pair of knockout games just to make the playoffs as the eighth seed.ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. View commentslast_img read more


January 19, 2020 0

Mexican girls fight violence with boys’ own game

first_img0Shares0000Liliana Gonzalez, 14, star goalkeeper of the Lioness FC football team, says the sport is a way for girls to “fight back against machismo” © AFP/File / ALFREDO ESTRELLASAN FELIPE DEL PROGRESO, Mexico, Nov 8 – Guadalupe Garcia, an indigenous Mexican woman, was working as a maid when she fell in love — not with her boss, like a hackneyed telenovela plot, but with football.Garcia, a petite but powerful athlete with a sharp mind and wide smile, was not allowed to play football growing up as a poor Mazahua indigenous girl in the small village of San Juan Coajomulco. She got her first chance as a young adult, and discovered that football is “an act of rebellion” in a country where the sport is still seen as a boys’ game, she says.Garcia will be a keynote speaker this week at the Women’s Forum Mexico, an event designed to bring together influential voices to address the deep-rooted problems facing women in the country.Today Garcia, 34, runs a football club for Mazahua girls and young women, using the sport to empower them in a country where machismo runs deep and violence against women is rampant.Her goal, she says, is to instill in them a vital message: “This body is mine, and nobody touches it unless I want.”The state of Mexico, where she lives, has the worst rate of deadly violence against women in the country.Last year, at least 263 women were murdered in the central state, according to the rights group OCNF.Their bodies turn up almost daily — raped, mutilated, half-burnt, floating in rivers of sewage or even buried in their murderers’ yards.Daysi Cruz Sanchez of the Mazahua soccer team vies for the ball during the match against “Hadas B” team of the Mexican Women Soccer league, Premier category © AFP/File / OMAR TORRESSince Garcia founded her program two years ago, she has coached around 300 Mazahua girls in the skills of life and football.The game is still largely forbidden in their world — a deeply traditional one, where men hold the power, girls are often removed from school to marry young, and many families refuse to let their daughters “open their legs” running around a football pitch.“We have to get each other’s backs!” Garcia tells her girls in a pep talk before one recent match between the Seleccion Mazahua — a club with 25 players aged 16 to 26 — and a local private school, both playing in the first division of the Mexican Women’s Football League.Her club went on to lose 4-1. It doesn’t matter to Garcia.The important thing is empowering them, she says.– Bloody family history –Guadalupe Garcia Alvarez, who organized the Mazahua soccer team, says playing football has been “an act of rebellion” against traditional expectations © AFP/File / OMAR TORRESGarcia knows the horrific problem of gender violence up close.“My mother was orphaned at 11 years old when my grandfather beat my grandmother to death,” she says.Her father was an alcoholic, and her family forced her two sisters to get married at 14 and 15 years old.She herself was sent to work as a maid.“But I liked to read, and that enabled me to discover things… which made me disobedient,” she says with a sly smile.Fired from her job, she started playing in amateur football clubs.“Taking to the football pitch has been an act of rebellion for me,” she says. “It enabled me to avoid getting pregnant as a teenager, getting married too young.”She got married at 23, and now has two children.It hasn’t diminished her passion for her football program, which is financed by several Mexican rights groups.– Girl power –Rocio Lopez (R) and physiotherapist Maria Elena Gomez of the Mazahua football team are seen prior to the match against “Hadas B” team at the Mexican Women Soccer league, Premier category, in San Felipe del Progreso © AFP/File / OMAR TORRESAlthough winning isn’t Garcia’s main goal, she has shown a knack for grooming talented young recruits.Four of her girls currently play for private clubs on scholarships that cover their education, housing and living expenses.One, 14-year-old Liliana Gonzalez, is being scouted by the Mexican national team.She is the star keeper for Lioness FC, in the city of Metepec.Football, she says, “is a way to fight back against machismo — with a ball.”Rocio Lopez, 26, is one of Garcia’s current stars.The head of an indigenous education center, she can be found scoring goals in her free time on the club’s pitch, a field surrounded by dry corn cobs.“Men are learning that we are just as good as they are,” she says defiantly, her mouth bright with orange lipstick.“If they can wear shorts, we can too. If they can kick a ball, we can too.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)last_img read more


January 10, 2020 0

Sub-Saharan Africa set for 6.5% growth

first_img15 April 2008Sub-Saharan Africa experienced one of its highest growth rates in decades in 2007, with real gross domestic product (GDP) expanding by about 6.5% as a result of growing production from oil exporters and rising domestic investment and productivity across the region, according to the International Monetary Fund’s latest regional outlook.“The growth was supported by successes in stabilizing economies and implementing structural reforms,” the IMF said in a statement last week. “Solid global demand for commodities, greater flows of capital to Africa, and debt relief has helped increase resources and lift growth.”According to the organisation, growth in sub-Saharan should again average about 6.5% in 2008, but with a widening gap in economic growth between oil exporters and oil importers.In addition, higher food and energy prices are expected to push regional inflation up slightly to about 8.5% this year.The IMF pointed out, however, that the region was better placed to withstand a worsening global environment as compared to the 1990s, with many countries in the region being less exposed to shifts in global economic conditions.“Smaller current account and fiscal deficits, lower inflation, reduced debt, increased foreign reserves, and strengthened policy frameworks have all helped make the region more resilient to external shocks,” the IMF said.External risksWith the global economy slowing down, global financial markets becoming unsettled and oil prices having risen to record highs, the IMF said that the external environment had nonetheless become unfavourable, increasing risk during 2008.“This marks a shift from recent years, when demand for sub-Saharan African exports was healthy, and nonfuel commodity prices were growing at double digits,” the IMF said. “Rising oil and food prices pose increasing challenges to many countries and risks to the inflation outlook.”The IMF warned that the exports of sub-Saharan Africa would be affected if high oil prices were accompanied by a pronounced slowdown in the global economy, resulting in weaker non-oil commodity prices.Also, while African markets have so far shown limited reaction to continuing turbulence in global financial markets, a reversal of portfolio flows could reduce external financing and hurt growth in a few countries.“In light of these risks, there is about a one-in-five chance in 2008 that growth in sub-Saharan Africa will fall to less than 5%,” the IMF said.Internal risksThe IMF pointed out that internal risks had also increased in some regions, with post-election violence in Kenya and unrest in Chad also affecting neighbouring countries and leading to food shortages and price hikes in some instances.The main medium-term challenge for sub-Saharan Africa was to accelerate growth and achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), because while a growing number of countries enjoyed robust growth, only a few sub-Saharan African countries seem well positioned to halve poverty by 2015.Notwithstanding the improvement in economic growth since the mid-1990s, real per capita income was about the same as in the mid-1970s, the IMF said, pointing out that sustained per capita growth was necessary for the poverty rates in the region to drop.“In sum, while the recent improved economic performance in sub-Saharan Africa is encouraging, the region has a lot of catching up to do if it is to achieve the MDGs,” the IMF said.SAinfo reporterWould you like to use this article in your publicationor on your website?See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more


December 19, 2019 0

Start getting excited about SKA: Zuma

first_img9 October 2012South Africans should start getting excited about hosting what will be the world’s largest radio telescope, the Square Kilometre Array (SKA), says President Jacob Zuma.Zuma, making his first visit to the site where the core of the SKA will be constructed, in Carnarvon in the Northern Cape, said on Tuesday that hosting the SKA meant the country was on the cutting edge of science, adding that the project was receiving the full support of the government.Earlier this year, the SKA Organisation announced that South Africa and Australia would share the hosting of the most advanced scientific project in the world. The two biggest components of the SKA will be built in Africa, while one will be built in Australia. About 70% of the facility will be built in Africa.Both South Africa and Australia have been working on precursors to the SKA, the MeerKAT telescope and the six-dish SKA Pathfinder (ASKAP) respectively.‘On the cutting edge of science’Zuma said that few would have thought such a massive development could take place in an area as remote as Carnarvon. He said it was proof that as a country, “we have made it”.SKA project director Dr Bernie Fanaroff told SAnews that with the completion of the SKA telescope, South Africa would be rated among the best in the field of science and technology, adding that the project would attract lots of foreign investment into the country.Fanaroff described the SKA project as the world’s biggest scientific instrument. “The project is going to reveal new things globally, and our young people will no longer have to travel to overseas to study science.”MeerKAT project taking shapeThe MeerKAT telescope is currently taking shape in South Africa’s Karoo region, with close to 100 young scientists and engineers working on the project. It will be the largest and most sensitive radio telescope in the southern hemisphere until the SKA is completed around 2024.Currently, seven fully operational dishes have been built in Carnarvon. By 2016, there will be about 64 dishes completed and operational and by 2024, it is expected that there will be about 2 000 dishes.Asked about the benefits of the project for the local community, Fanaroff said many residents had been employed to the project, and local businesses were receiving a boost by the many visitors to the area. Many tourists who wanted to visit the SKA were also supporting local accommodation establishments.Seventeen-year-old Jason Slaverse, a Grade 12 student at Carnarvon High, told SAnews on Tuesday that the SKA project had sparked his desire to pursue computer science as a career, although he has had a passion for science since he was young.Source: SANews.gov.zalast_img read more


December 18, 2019 0

Do you know your number?

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Dusty Sonnenberg, CCA, Ohio Field LeaderWhat’s your number? While this question sounds like the latest campaign to monitor your cholesterol or blood pressure, it is actually talking about a different health measurement. The health of future soybean crops will be impacted by the level of soybean cyst nematode (SCN) present in your fields. SCN damages soybeans by feeding on roots. This takes nutrients from the plant, and creates wounds for fungi to enter. The past few years the SCN Coalition, funded by the soybean checkoff, has been running the “What’s your number?” campaign to renew attention to soybean cyst nematode. Presentations about SCN were common on the agenda of many farm programs in the mid to late 90’s. The relative ease of round-up ready soybean production increased the common practice of no-tilling soybeans back to beans which created a wonderful environment for SCN populations to grow. In the years following, thanks in part to an increased awareness of SCN associated yield losses and the development of resistant varieties, SCN saw a decline in many Ohio fields. Recently, SCN has quietly been overcoming the resistant varieties.Most all SCN resistant varieties have the same source of resistance: PI88788. For more than 20 years, more than 95 percent of all SCN-resistant soybean varieties have contained resistance from the PI 88788 breeding line. The good news has been that the PI8878 resistance is free and worked well for several of those years. The bad news is that now nematodes are becoming resistant to this gene. By definition, a resistance soybean variety will allow less than 10 percent reproduction by the SCN compared to a susceptible variety. The resistant variety should stop 90 percent of the SCN in a field from reproducing. Now, after over 20 years of using the same gene, natural selection is occurring. The nematodes seem to be adapting. In some fields surveyed, 50% of the nematodes can reproduce on a resistant variety.According to Horacio Lopez-Nicora, who is a graduate student in the Department of Plant Pathology at The Ohio State University, over 80% of Ohio fields sampled, tested positive for SCN. Lopez-Nicora works with Dr. Terry Niblack, Soybean Nematologist, and Dr. Anne Dorrance, Plant Pathologist at The Ohio State University. Another concerning number is that over 60% of growers with those fields that tested positive for SCN were unaware that they had a problem. “SCN can reduce yield without the plants showing symptoms,” said Dr. Anne Dorrance. “SCN injury can also easily be Anne Dorrance OSU Soybean Researcher Field Leaderconfused with other crop production problems such as nutrient deficiencies, injury from herbicides, soil compaction, or other diseases. SCN is the leading cause of soybean yield loss in North America.”The SCN Coalition’s slogan is “Take the test. Beat the pest!” SCN sampling can be done in the spring or in the fall. Populations are highest in the fall after soybeans are harvested. SCN populations can increase as much as 10 to 40 times in a single growing season. More importantly, SCN is not distributed evenly throughout a field. “There can be SCN hot spots,” Dorrance said. When sampling for SCN, it is recommended to pull a soil sample roughly every acre for each 10-20 acres sampled. “A farmer should pull a sample randomly, as they walk in a zig zag pattern across the field. Because SCN feed on roots, they are found in the root zone of the soybean plants. Samples should be taken at least 6-8 inches deep. Each composite sample submitted to the lab for analysis should represent 10-20 acres, and it will be submitted as a composite sample which means all the soil pulled will be mixed together. Approximately one pint of soil will be submitted for analysis. Once the soil is collected, it should be placed in a plastic bag and kept in a cool place out of direct sunlight,” said Lopez-Nicora. “Storing the samples in a cooler or box with an ice pack is a easy way to preserve the samples until they are sent to the lab for analysis. Be sure to mark the sample that is being submitted with the farm and field name or identification, location in the field, and collection date as well as anything else that will help you make sense of the results.”Results will be listed as number of eggs per 100-200 cc of soil. (100-200 cc of soil equals approximately ½ to 1 cup of soil.) Trace amounts are considered 40-200 eggs per cup. Low levels are considered 200-2000 eggs per cup. 2000-5000 levels are considered moderate, and over 5000 levels are considered high. When SCN are found in a field they can be difficult to get rid of. SCN can be managed to minimize the negative impact on yields. At low levels, it is recommended to plant SCN resistant varieties and rotate to non-host crops. Levels at or above 2000 may see some yield losses even on SCN resistant varieties. For moderate levels, the field should be rotated to a non-host crop, and when soybeans do return in the rotation, a SCN resistant variety should be selected. Susceptible varieties in fields with moderate levels have recorded 25-50 percent yield losses in Ohio. Fields with a high level should rotate away of soybeans to a non-host crop for two to three years and then re-sample before introducing soybeans to the rotation again. When soybeans are reintroduced, and SCN resistant variety should be selected. Rotating to a non-host crop such as corn, wheat or alfalfa.Some farmers have expressed concern about using legume plants as cover crops in case they could be inadvertent hosts for SCN. There are almost 100 different legume species reported in the scientific literature to be hosts (support reproduction) of SCN. If you have SCN in your fields, it is important to control winter annuals such as purple deadnettle that can serve as a host, and also avoid cover crops such as several of the clovers, cowpea and common and hairy vetch.More information can be found on the SCN Coalition website: thescncoalition.comSoybean Cyst Nematode in OhioOhio Field Leader is a project of the Ohio Soybean Council. For more, visit ohiofieldleader.com.last_img read more


December 17, 2019 0