Geodetic surveying and ground-based radar profiling were used to determine geometry and surface motion of the ice sheet on the Dyer Plateau, Antarctica, in the vicinity of an ice-core site on a local dome. Vertical strain measurements in the core hole constrain the depth profile of vertical velocity. These geophysical measurements are used to analyze the profiles of density and annual layer thickness measured on the ice core to estimate the current mass balance of the ice column and the past history of accumulation rate. Consideration of horizontal and vertical mass-flow divergence shows that the profiles of density and vertical velocity are not fully consistent with steady state. Mean density of the firn layer appears to be increasing, which leads to the deduction of a small rate of mass increase (≈ 0.02 m a− 1 ice-equivalent thickness). Over the last 200a there has been a gradual increase in accumulation rate from about 0.46 m a− 1 to 0.54 m a− 1 ice-equivalent thickness in recent time.
Records of atmospheric nitrate were obtained by year-round aerosol sampling at Neumayer and Dumont D’Urville stations, located in the Atlantic and Pacific sector of coastal Antarctica, respectively. Where possible, evaluation of the nitrate records is mainly based on concurrently measured radioisotopes (10Be, 7Be, 210Pb) as well as δ15N in nitrate nitrogen. Observations made at these (and two other coastal Antarctic sites [Savoie et al., 1993]) reveal a uniform nitrate background near 10 ng m−3 persisting throughout coastal Antarctica between approximately April and June. The dominant seasonal nitrate maximum, which occurred between spring and midsummer and ranged from 20 to 70 ng m−3, tended to increase with latitude. An estimate based on Neumayer mineral dust concentrations suggests that an average of less than 5% of the observed atmospheric nitrate load may be associated with continental tropospheric sources, while a separate estimate based on 210Pb records implies a much higher proportion of up to 60%. Stratospheric nitrate influx rates seen at coastal sites, deduced from Neumayer 10Be/7Be records for stratospheric air mass intrusions and from tritium for the sedimentation of polar stratospheric clouds (PSC), exceed the theoretical stratospheric odd nitrogen production rate from N2O oxidation by almost a factor of 5 and are found to be in close agreement with the observed surface nitrate flux, implying again that the continental source contribution is relatively unimportant. Consideration of nitrate reemission from near-surface snow layers reveals a minor effect of this flux on the global Antarctic troposphere but possibly a substantial influence on the nitrate load of a persistent surface inversion layer. Evaluation of the mean seasonal nitrate pattern, based on concurrent 10Be, 210Pb, and δ15N records at Neumayer and on tritium in precipitation at Halley, suggests that the period of significant enhancement above the background mainly reflects inputs of stratospheric nitrate with secondary peaks in winter and late summer most likely dominated by PSC sedimentation and stratospheric air mass intrusions, respectively.
Royal Navy commissions new survey ship Survey vessel HMS Magpie (H130) was able to chart the waters around Plymouth purely using regular radar installed on shipping the world over and a specialist computer program which measures wave height. Authorities Related Article “The beauty of this concept is that it uses the existing radars already fitted to our ships,” said Lieutenant Commander Mark White, HMS Magpie’s Commanding Officer. Photo: Royal Navy As explained, the method – known as radar bathymetry and developed by scientists from the National Oceanography Centre in Liverpool and MOD experts from Defence Science and Technology Laboratory – could be vital in times of peace or war when time is critical. Posted: over 2 years ago “This technique could allow the remote charting of both shallow water and currents from a standoff distance of several nautical miles and could be employed by all Royal Navy Ships using the navigation radars that are already fitted with.” All the system needs is wind and a swell to generate waves – plus computing power. Commissioned in 2018, HMS Magpie replaced veteran survey ship HMS Gleaner. It is part of the navy’s Hydrographic squadron. Photo: Royal Navy The Royal Navy has tested software to map the seabed close to shore in hours – not days or weeks. Using that data and information about currents, the software can produce a detailed profile of the seabed in a matter of hours – without the ship or boat having to physically sail over the area being surveyed, according to the navy. Given the ship’s size, Magpie doesn’t carry the standard navigational radar used by the rest of the Fleet, so one was temporarily installed on a roof rack. Categories: Posted: over 2 years ago At present the software is still in development, but the goal is to integrate it with the Royal Navy’s existing navigational radar and systems – no new equipment would be required in most cases, just upgraded software – to provide accurate, real-time seabed maps. View post tag: HMS Magpie View post tag: Royal Navy “By analysing the sea clutter images of waves visible on standard marine radars a bathymetric profile (that’s the depth) and surface current assessment is created,” explained the lead project scientist at the National Oceanography Centre, Paul Bell. Share this article
On the presidential style of politics and the TV debates…I don’t think the debates have made it more presidential particularly. The truth is that a British Prime Minister with a majority in Parliament already wields much more power than many presidents. And when a lot of people go to the polls, what they’ll be thinking about is which of their local candidates will deliver for their neighbourhood. The debates have, in my view, had a hugely positive effect on this election. It’s very natural that people want to know more about those who aspire to lead the country, and having millions of people tune in for 90 minutes at a time to watch the parties have it out on policy is good for our democracy. They’re an overdue addition to British politics, and I hope they’re here to stay.On scrapping Trident….We are not advocating unilateral disarmament. What we’re saying is that we no longer need to replace Trident on a like-for-like basis. It’s a Cold War missile system, designed to flatten Moscow at the touch of a button, that no longer best protects us against modern threats and that will cost £100bn over the course of its lifetime. There are plenty of alternatives that allow us to retain a nuclear capability but that also free up the resources we need to provide our troops in Afghanistan with the equipment they need. Plenty of military experts agree we need to look at this again, yet Labour and the Conservatives want to exclude Trident from the next Strategic Defence Review. It’s wrongheaded to exclude our most expensive weapons system from that review. We will make sure alternatives are properly considered.On ‘Cleggism’…It’s not a word I’ve come across before, I think you’re the first to coin it! My basic philosophy is about power; how it has to be fairly dispersed. I wrote a pamphlet called The Liberal Moment last October which goes into some depth if you’re interested. But in short: in our society it is clear that power – and thereby freedom – is unfairly distributed. Power has its own gravitational pull; it accumulates among elites – political, social and corporate – and they each exercise that power in their own interests, acting against the interests of, and thereby diminishing the freedom of, others. The job of a liberal government is to disperse power fairly to all. That’s why at this election we’re fighting for ordinary people against the tyranny of vested interests. Our priorities – giving children and young people the best start in life, introducing fair taxes, creating jobs that last, and bringing in honest, decent politics – are all about opening up opportunities to everyone.On coalitions, and the importance of electoral reform…I think electoral reform is urgent, and given the events of the last few weeks it’s astonishing that there’s anyone left who doesn’t agree. We’ve seen some crazy predictions of what’s going to happen at this election, everything from another majority government with less than a third of the public supporting it, to the party which comes third getting more seats than anyone else! If no party wins a majority on Thursday, I think it’s an instruction from voters to politicians to talk to each other. What people can be sure of is that the priorities I set out in our manifesto – fair taxes, a fair start for children at school, economic reform and political renewal – are what the Liberal Democrats will be fighting to deliver whatever happens. This week, Cherwell spoke exclusively to Nick Clegg about a range of issues in the run up to the election. On attracting the student vote…We’ve consistently defended the student community, and the simple principle that a university education should be based on ability, not ability to pay. I also think that young people are naturally inclined to question the traditional two-party system. Young men and women today have grown up with the unprecedented choice in their lives that we’ve now all become accustomed to, over where we shop, what mobile phone we have, where we travel, and so on, so the idea that there are only two choices in our politics just doesn’t sit right, at least not with a lot of the students I talk to. The old parties want people to believe that there are only two answers to every question, and that it’s just not possible to do things differently. That’s nonsense, and young people aren’t taken in by it. On scrapping student fees…It simply isn’t right that graduates are leaving university saddled with tens of thousands of pounds of debt. Starting out in your careers is hard enough, especially with the job market as it is. And what I find extremely worrying is that it looks increasingly likely that either a Labour or Conservative government would raise the cap on fees, which could see them rise to £7000, meaning students graduating up to £44,000 in debt within five years. That’s outrageous. The Liberal Democrats are the only party with a plan to abolish fees. You’re right that the economic crisis makes it more difficult, and we’ve been very honest about saying fees have to be phased out over the course of six years rather than scrapped immediately. But, and this is the crucial point, we can start straight away, with students going into their final years, before extending it out to everyone else. That way anyone at university in August will, under our plans, have their debt slashed by at least £3000.
Gov. Eric J. Holcomb today announced his 2020 Next Level Agenda, which focuses on improving the lives of Hoosiers with better health, improved career opportunities and a better place to live.“Because of the hard work of Hoosiers, Indiana has become a destination of certainty and stability, but we can’t stop there,” Gov. Holcomb said. “As I travel the state, I hear people concerned about rising health care costs, the increase in youth vaping, and our education system. My goal is to listen to their concerns and find solutions to build a bolder, brighter future.”The 2020 Next Level Agenda includes five pillars detailing both legislative and administrative priorities for the year ahead.Cultivate A Strong And Diverse EconomyTo continue strengthening our economy, Gov. Holcomb’s 2020 agenda focuses on transforming how we tell Indiana’s story by elevating Indiana’s profile within and outside the state with joint branding and promotion efforts with the private sector and the new Indiana Destination Development Corporation with the goal of attracting more jobs and more people. The state will also build a 21st-century defense innovation ecosystem to triple federal defense investment in Indiana by 2025.Maintain And Build The State’s infrastructureThe 2020 agenda is designed to connect Hoosiers with reliable infrastructure. To accomplish this goal, Gov. Holcomb’s $1 billion Next Level Connections program expands broadband service to unserved areas in Indiana, grows the state’s systems of trails and creates more nonstop international flights. The 2020 agenda also focuses on preserving our highways and decreasing distracted driving by enacting a hands-free device driving law.Develop a 21st Century Skilled And Ready WorkforceGov. Holcomb will continue to make finding long-term sustainable solutions to improve teacher compensation a top priority by supporting the Next Level Teacher Compensation Commission. The 2020 agenda also includes identifying unfunded mandates and unnecessary requirements in K-12 education for elimination in 2021, holding schools harmless for ILEARN scores, changing career-related teacher professional growth points from required to optional, and redesigning our prison education system to better prepare Department of Correction offenders to re-enter society.Public Health And The Drug EpidemicGov. Holcomb is calling for raising the age to purchase tobacco and e-cigarettes from 18 to 21 and enhancing enforcement to prevent underage buyers. The 2020 agenda also includes providing healthcare price transparency for consumers via an “All-Payer Claims Database,” protecting consumers from surprise medical bills, improving mental health services at schools and hospitals, and incentivizing more community paramedicine programs. In the fight against the drug epidemic, the Governor wants to add more recovery housing for Hoosiers coping with substance use disorder. The state will continue to work toward becoming the best state in the Midwest for infant mortality by 2024 by protecting pregnant workers by providing more workplace accommodations.Deliver Great Government ServiceThe 2020 agenda saves Hoosiers more than $125 million in borrowing costs by using $300 million in cash now to fund capital projects. Additionally, Gov. Holcomb will simplify how Hoosiers reach out for health and human services assistance by integrating the 2-1-1 helpline into FSSA call centers.“These aren’t just lofty goals – they are solutions to improve the lives of Hoosiers around Indiana,” Gov. Holcomb said. “We are charting a bold course for our state to become the absolute best place in America to grow as an individual, a family, a business and as a community.” FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail
WHAT IS ON YOUR MIND TODAY?Todays “READERS POLL” question is: How do you rank the City Councils job performance in 2016?We urge you to take time and click the section we have reserved for the daily recaps of the activities of our local Law Enforcement professionals. This section is located on the upper right side of our publication.If you would like to advertise or submit and article in the CCO please contact us City-County [email protected] County Observer has been serving our community for 16 years.FOOTNOTES: Todays “READERS POLL” question is :How do you rank the Vanderburgh City Councils job performance in 2016?Copyright 2015 City County Observer. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail
Twitter IndianaLocalNews Pinterest WhatsApp Twitter Google+ Pinterest Man accused in deadly shooting at America Legion Post in South Bend sentenced By Jon Zimney – March 14, 2020 0 253 Google+ (Photo supplied/St. Joseph County Jail) A man accused in a deadly shooting at an American Legion Post in South Bend has been learned his fate.Bruce Bennett, 60, was sentenced to 45 years in prison for shooting and killing Theodore Braun at the post back in December of 2018.Bennett was also sentenced to an additional 5 years for a firearm enhancement.Braun died due to a gunshot wound to the chest.His death was ruled a homicide.The St. Joseph County Prosecutor’s Office released the following information:Bruce Bennett, 60, appeared before a St. Joseph County Superior Court judge and was sentenced to 50 years in the Indiana Department of Correction for the December 14, 2018, shooting death of Theodore “Teddy” Braun.On February 13, 2020, a jury found Bruce Bennett guilty of Murder; the jury rendered its verdict after deliberating for less than two hours. The defendant admitted to the filedFirearm Sentencing Enhancement.At the sentencing hearing, the judge sentenced Mr. Bennett to 45 years on the Murdercharge and added an additional 5 years for the Firearm Sentencing Enhancement, whichare to run consecutively. This is an aggregate sentence of 50 years in the Indiana Department of Correction. Facebook Facebook Previous articleIndiana Michigan Power customers bills to increaseNext articleGov. Holcomb signs order to speed delivery of goods to stores Jon ZimneyJon Zimney is the News and Programming Director for News/Talk 95.3 Michiana’s News Channel and host of the Fries With That podcast. Follow him on Twitter @jzimney. WhatsApp
The UK held the world’s first Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Summit last week (11 to 12 September 2018), bringing together representatives from across the globe to support and collaborate on a zero emission future for transport around the world.Ministers, officials and business leaders from over 40 countries descended on Birmingham and Bedford for the two-day event, which sought to accelerate investment in both zero emission technology and infrastructure.The Prime Minister, Theresa May, told delegates at day one of the conference in Birmingham that she wants to see Britain “leading from the front and working with industries and countries around the world to spearhead change”.And to help support that aim, the government has pledged £106 million for research and development in zero emission vehicles, new batteries and low carbon technology.This will be bolstered by over £500 million worth of investment, creating over 1,000 jobs across the UK.A total of 55 people spoke at the summit, including keynotes from companies such as Nissan, who emphasised the need to focus not only on the car but on the energy network too.Commitments made as part of the landmark summit include: Out of hours media enquiries 020 7944 4292 Jesse Norman, Roads Minister said: trials of new LEVC vans with London Fire Brigade and the Met Police a new £1 million fund from summit sponsors, Lex Autolease, to provide £1,000 off the first 1,000 pure electric vehicle orders from January 2019 plans for a new Degree Apprenticeship Centre at the University of Warwick which will focus on the high value manufacturing sector, backed by £10 million of government funding and with space for 1,000 students The summit follows the Prime Minister’s ambition set out earlier this year to put the UK at the forefront of the design and manufacturing of zero emission vehicles, and for all new cars and vans to be effectively zero emission by 2040. The government’s Road to Zero Strategy published in July set out a clear pathway to zero emissions, to give clarity and certainty to both industry and motorists.The work is all part of the government’s Future of Mobility Grand Challenge, outlined in its modern Industrial Strategy, aiming to help reduce greenhouse gas emissions, make travel safer, improve accessibility, and present enormous economic opportunities for the UK.The summit was the next step in the mission to put the UK at the forefront of zero-emission technology saw industry stepping up to the challenge alongside the government. Switchboard 0300 330 3000 Roads media enquiries a Clean Van Commitment from 16 of the UK’s largest van fleet operators to have nearly 2,400 ZEV vans by 2020 and go completely zero emission in cities by 2028 As the global automotive industry goes through this transformative period, the leasing industry has a huge role to play. We have been working with customers for a number of years to help them upgrade to low emission vehicles – where it’s the right move for them as individual drivers or fleets. One of the key benefits of leasing an electric vehicle is that customers avoid any of the potential risk associated with its future resale value. With battery technology and range continuing to improve, electric vehicles are fast becoming suitable for mainstream motorists. With this in mind, we’re pleased to have announced our new £1 million fund to encourage wider take up of zero emission technology. signatories from 13 governments committing to a zero emission future for transport, through action including consumer incentives, international collaboration, integration of zero emission infrastructure into town planning and support for research and development No one nation can tackle the effects of climate change alone. But as a community of nations, taking global action, we can not only have a bigger impact but unlock huge shared economic opportunities. That’s why the UK hosted the world’s first Zero Emission Summit. We are working to create a platform for international co-operation and knowledge sharing on emissions issues, gathering together signatories from around the world to agree the Birmingham Declaration and, we hope, helping to create a cleaner, greener legacy for future generations. Media enquiries 020 7944 3021 Tim Porter, Managing Director of Lex Autolease, the vehicle leasing arm of Lloyds Banking Group, commented: the first meeting of the Electric Vehicle Energy Taskforce – a group convening government with the energy and automotive industries – to plan for future electric vehicle uptake and ensure the energy system can meet future demand in an efficient and sustainable way
2016 isn’t over, and already 2017 is looking up. That’s because the rock n’ roll super group A Perfect Circle have confirmed their first tour dates in six years. Led by Maynard James Keenan of Tool fame, the group includes Billy Howerdel, Matt McJunkins, James Iha and Jeff Friedl.Tour dates for A Perfect Circle have been a long time in the works, as the band hasn’t performed live in a few years. The band has also mentioned working on new music, which would come as a follow up to 2004’s Emotive album. Though the band’s lineup has changed over the years, Howerdel and Keenan’s collaboration has remained the constant driving creative force for the rock outfit.As of now, the band only has a handful of festival dates booked in the spring of 2017, as well as a headlining performance at the Hollywood Bowl. The band is expected to announce a full tour in the near future, so get ready! You can check out the tour schedule below.A Perfect Circle Tour Dates4/29 Jacksonville, FL – Welcome to Rockville4/30 Fort Myers, FL – Fort Rock5/5 Concord, NC – Carolina Rebellion5/7 Los Angeles, CA – Hollywood Bowl
King Gizzard & The Lizard Wizard has been truly blowing up during 2017. After their announcement that they’d release their fifth album this year, the band has a limited amount of time to get their new release out by New Year’s Eve. However, it’s clear the band is gearing up for the release given the new music that they’ve slowly been releasing over the past few weeks.Following the release of “Beginners Luck”, “All Is Known”, and “Greenhouse Heat Death”, today, King Gizzard & The Lizard Wizard has released yet another single, “The Last Oasis”. Take a listen for yourself below!